Sex-Pheromones for Monitoring of Agricultural Pests
Preparation and Application of Sex-Pheromones for Monitoring of the Principal Agricultural Pests in Georgia
Tech Area / Field
- AGR-PPR/Plant Protection/Agriculture
- CHE-SYN/Basic and Synthetic Chemistry/Chemistry
3 Approved without Funding
Georgian Academy of Sciences / P. Melikishvili Institute of Physical and Organic Chemistry, Georgia, Tbilisi
- Kansas State University / Department of Chemistry, USA, KS, Manhattan
Project summaryModern agriculture can not exist without efficient means of plant protection, without means of struggle against pests, diseases and weeds. These preparations provide high and stable harvest. Due to soil-climatic peculiarities of Georgia in the struggle against pests insecticides are mainly used, then follow fungicides, in contrast to the practice applied in the world, where herbicides are predominantly used as means of struggle against weeds.
Rational application of modern costly highly efficient preparations is impossible without regulation of preliminary assessment (monitoring) of harmful organisms. A few days delay from optimal terms for spraying may result in rather impotent losses. In this respect pheromone monitoring is irreplaceable. This method has been applied in advanced countries for four decades already without any adverse effect. Thus, in the first place, it is necessary to organize pheromone monitoring in Georgia, and there technical resources for it here. Pheromones condition inter-species communications and behavior of insects. Pheromones show high selectivity and enable us to reduce drastically frequency of application of chemical means and its dose, to decrease significantly ecological injury incurred to environment. But it should be stated that no resistance is developed against these preparations and for years its efficiently does not fade.
The pests mostly distributed in agriculture of the countries in the basin of the Black and the Caspian Seas are Lepidoptera pests: Grapholitha molesta Busck, Grapholitha funebrana and Laspegresia pomonella as well as Lobesia botrana. Their sex-pheromones are long chain mono- and dienes. We have experience of their obtaining in laboratory conditions. Therefore it is necessary to elaborate technological schemes, technological regulations for organizing trial plant for pheromone sex-attractant for pests
If we achieve project goal we’ll manage to organize production of ecologically less hazardous sex pheromone preparations for the struggle against the most dangerous pests of agriculture and forestry of Georgia.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.