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Space Impact Experiments


Mathematical Modeling of Space Experiments Using of High-Velocity Impacts of Artificial Objects with Surface of Small Bodies of the Solar System

Tech Area / Field

  • SAT-EXP/Extraterrestrial Exploration/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation

3 Approved without Funding

Registration date

Leading Institute
Russian Academy of Sciences / Space Research Institute, Russia, Moscow

Supporting institutes

  • VNIITF, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Snezhinsk


  • NASA / Jet Propulsion Laboratory, USA, CA, Pasadena\nLos-Alamos National Laboratory, USA, NM, Los-Alamos\nUniversity of Chicago / Enrico Fermi Institute, USA, IL, Chicago\nMax-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Germany, Mainz

Project summary

The goal of this project is the development of physical and mathematical models, mathematical methods and software for the study of technical feasibility and the estimation of physical and chemical parameters in two new space experiments, which use high-velocity collision of objects.

Experiments are directed to study of chemical, physical and mineralogical composition of small objects of the Solar system (planetary satellites, asteroids, residuals of cometary nuclei). Study of objects of the Solar system are of the fundamental importance for cosmogenic theories.

Mars' satellites Phobos and Deimos and asteroids are proposed to consider as small bodies of the Solar system.

The main body of the project are calculative and theoretical studies on the base of existing and new physical and mathematic models, methods and software.

Following works are planning in the project:

· analysis of contemporary data on structure of surface of Martian satellites Phobos and Deimos and asteroids variously sized;
· setting the problem and development of physical and mathematic models for adequate description of dynamic processes of high-velocity collision and processes accompanying the contact and deepering explosion of HE, choise of equations of state, determining ratio for solid and porous elastic-plastic media, modelling of scattering of gas-plasma cloud and dust condensation;
· adaption and development of numerical models, methods and software for modelling of processes of high-velocity collision with hard soil at asteroids' surface;
· determination of scientific and technical requirements on space experiments using high-velocity collisions of artificial objects with surface of small bodies of the Solar system on the base of calculative experiments;

Physical and mathematical models, mathematical methods and software which are developed in an effort to project can be used for solution of other various problems, where processes of high-velocity collisions are considering.

To fit purposes of ISTC the project presents the possibility for experts from Russia, which have knowledge and experience concerning of design and development of nuclear armament:

· to reorient creative possibilities for solution of one fundamental problem, facing with modern science;

in the course of project's realization exchange of information with foreign colleagues and other scientists which have great experience in this field (technical accounts, which will be in the course of project's realisation, will be sent regularly to foreign collaborants for comments and discussions) will be made.

Potential role of foreign participants:

Well-known scientists from USA and Germany working in applied nuclear physics and space research will take part in project.

Cooperation of russian and foreign experts suppose their participation in statement of problem and discussion of results at every stage of work and also joint scientific publications or their presentation at appropriate conferences.


The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.


ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

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