The Natural Tularemia Foci in Tajikistan
Investigation of the Epizootic State of the Natural Tularemia Foci and Measures on Prevention of People's Infections by Tularemia in the Territory of the Republic of Tajikistan
Tech Area / Field
- BIO-SFS/Biosafety and BioSecurity/Biotechnology
3 Approved without Funding
Republican Center for Quarantine Infections' Prevention of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan, Tajikistan, Dushanbe
- University of Texas / Medical Branch, USA, TX, Galveston
Project summaryTularemia relates to the rather widespread infection and exists from the ancient time. However, tularemia’s real nature like disease with natural nidality was determined only in the beginning of the XX-th century. In 1911 Tularemia was found in California (USA) in surroundings of Tulare Lake, from that was named its name “tularemia”. After that tularemia was found in the many other countries: in 1924 in Japan, 1926 in Turkey, 1929 in Norway, 1930 in Switzerland, 1935 in Austria, 1932 in Germany, 1938 in Greece, 1934 in Tunisia and also in France, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and other countries. On the territory of the former Soviet Union tularemia was registered for the first time in 1926 in the lower reaches of Volga of Astrakhan city. Further, according to ex-deputy chief of the Epidemiological Administration of the Ministry of Health of the USSR (1991), Y.M.Fedorov’s massage, tularemia natural pestholes were found in the territory of the ex-UUSR in 13 Soviet Union’s republics except in Kyrgyzstan, where infections were not found.
In Tajikistan the investigative work were not carried out. Now, activization of intercontinental and intergovernmental population migration, broadening of the import and export flow of the different goods, and also frequent bioterrorism factors aggravate problems of all different kind of infection, from the point of spread of the different infectious diseases. It causes the necessity of epidemiological surveillance strengthening over all kind of infections, particularly of tularemia. According to data of Khatlon and Sugd districts’ Curative Institution in 2005 and 2008 infected patients having infection similar to tularemia entered to clinics. On the territory of our republic the main carriers (hares, muskrats, home and forest mice, gerbils) spread in the South and North region of Tajikistan that is in these districts where the infected patients with similar of tularemia entered to clinics. As the absence of the investigative works in tularemia’s sphere, the investigative works with the purpose of the detection of the possible tularemia stimulant’s circulation and in the future controlling over its circulation places is required to re-establish the investigative works, to strength the epidemic control and study of epizootology in both acting natural tularemia pestholes and in potential ones.
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