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System of Thermal Safety of Chemical Technologies

#1498


System of Thermal Safety of Chemical Technologies

Tech Area / Field

  • CHE-IND/Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Process Engineering/Chemistry
  • ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment
  • INF-SOF/Software/Information and Communications

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
15.04.1999

Completion date
27.02.2008

Senior Project Manager
Kulikov G G

Leading Institute
Russian Scientific Center of Applied Chemistry, Russia, St Petersburg

Supporting institutes

  • Cheminform St Petersburg Ltd., Russia, St Petersburg

Collaborators

  • Dupont de Nemours, USA, DE, Wilmington\nDow Chemical Company, USA, MI, Midland

Project summary

State of the art of the research area. Thermal (reaction) safety of chemical processes is considered as safety from the viewpoint of potential of thermal explosion (or runaway) in a chemical system. Thermal (reaction) safety, along with fire safety and toxic safety, is the main component of chemical safety. Neglect or delayed assessment of thermal safety of a chemical process caused a number of severe disasters (Bhopal, Seveso) and many industrial accidents.

Importance of the thermal safety as a part of the chemical safety problem is well recognized by the international community nowadays. This is represented in full measure in the basic normative documents on thermal safety which have come into force lately in the United States (the OSHA standards, the EPA rules) and European Community (the Seveso-II directive).

An intensive research in thermal safety is being performed at all thermal safety centers and almost all-large chemical companies. These works are coordinated by the Design Institute for Emergency Relief Systems (DIERS) attached to the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE), which was founded after the Bhopal catastrophe.

In spite of long-standing wide-ranging studies of thermal safety, this problem remains of paramount importance for chemical industry. This is confirmed by regular international congresses and numerous publications.

The approach using specialized systems for solving the thermal safety problem was originally developed by the Russian Scientific Center “Applied Chemistry” for evaluation of propellant thermal explosion parameters. Thereafter it was used for general thermal safety assessment. Great interest is expressed by world leading chemical corporations to the thermal safety systems being developed by the Russian Scientific Center “Applied Chemistry”.

A highly qualified team of chemical thermal safety specialists is working today at the Russian Scientific Center “Applied Chemistry”. Most of them were engaged in investigations of propellant, gunpowder and explosive thermal explosion before. Their works are well known in Russia and abroad.

Interrelationship between the proposed Project and ISTC Project №843. In the difficult years for Russian economics, financial support of the EEC Government (with the participation of Rhone Poulenc) through ISTC (Project №843) was of great importance for the investigations of thermal safety of chemical technologies performed by the Russian Scientific Center “Applied Chemistry”.

The main objective attained as a result of Project №843 was creation of a state-of-the-art software system which provides introduction of the results of propellant thermal safety investigations performed by the RSC AC specialists to the chemical industry, and presentation of this system to the world community. The proposed project carries on this work.

All the scientific and technical activities formulated in Project №843 remain in force and evolve in the proposed project.


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