Wind Energy Cadastre of Georgia
Investigation of Wind Energy Resources of Georgia and Creation of Wind Energy Cadastre
Tech Area / Field
- NNE-OTH/Other/Non-Nuclear Energy
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Karenergo Windenergy Scientific Center, Georgia, Tbilisi
- Private Finance Initiative, PFI, Japan, Tokyo\nAgency for Industrial Science and Technology / AIST Tsukuba Central 2, Japan, Tsukuba\nInnovative Energieanwendung und Werkstofftechnologien, Germany, Grosschirma\nNEG MICON, Denmark, Randers\nNational Renewable Energy Laboratory, USA, CO, Golden
Project summaryWind Energy is attached a great importance to in the world energobalance filling. On one hand it is stipulated by the mankind's increasing need in energy and giving satisfaction to it, while on the other hand – by the necessity of considerable reduction of organic fuel's utilization. The latter is only one possibility to prevent ecological disaster in connection with the Earth's climate global getting warmer mostly caused by increased amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. In 1997 this problem was discussed at the summit in Kioto and the most developed countries pledged themselves to reduce CO2 emission by 5,2% in comparison with its level in 1990.
A number of scenarioes was offered to achive this goal where alongside with the others measures a total setup power of Wind Farms (WF) over the world would have been brought up to 1,07106 MW by 2015–2020 to cover 15% of the world electroenergy consumption at the expense of Wind Energy.
The present project's purpose is to investigate the value of the windenergy potential and its territorial distribution in Georgia. The creation of the Wind Energy Cadastre of Georgia may be considered as a final product of the project. For Georgia this project has a special actuality in connection with a crisis situation of power engineering in the country. Annual electroenergy consumption decreased from 18 TWh in 80-s to 6,5 TWh and about 0,7 TWh is imported from neighbour countries. Practically all the organic fuel is imported including that going on for electroenergy generation. All this has a negative influence on the economics of the country as well as on the growth of industrial production and on energy security.
According to some approximal assessments technically implemented windenergy potential amounts to 4 TWh per year and even its partial utilization' ll have favourable influence upon the country's energobalance as well as upon environmental situation in the South–Caucasian region.
The creation of the Wind Energy Cadastre of Georgia will allow to assess precisely the resources of energy of wind, to reveal the sites for WF building and to give their exact technical and economical characteristics. Taking in account foreign investors' interest in such a branch of power engineering of Georgia the proposed project's actuality and opportunity is undoubted.
There are some premises for the project's successful fulfilment:
· a well–developed net of meteorological stations is functioning on the territory of Georgia and series of wind regime observations within many years (20 – 40) are available for using them in the project;
· the head organization – Wind Energy Scientific Centre "Karenergo" - has at its disposal all necessary windenergy aparature, computing technics and special software means;
· the project's main participants have a necessary qualification and experience in the job, concerning such branches as climatology and Wind Energy, have the use of a modern methodology of wind regime measurements, algoritmization of statistical tasks, compilation of specialized programs.
A successful fulfilment of the work according to the TASIC program and a contract work with NREL # ACE 8-18647-01 USA give evidence to it.
The proposed project is a logical continuation of the above-mentioned jobs and covers all the territory of Georgia. NRG firm's monitoring stations are foreseen to be set up approximately in 10-12 sites on the territory of Georgia.
Many years' series of observations received form the verious meteorological stations (about 40) located in the different regions of Georgia will be used in the project. To achive statistical stability in relatively short-term (1 –1,5 years) of monitoring series a cycle of synchronous measurements will be carried out and correlation with data got from the nearest meteorological stations will be established and then an extrapolation task will be settled. The vertical profiles of wind velocity will also be investigated at the monitoring stations and as a result of it, wind flow specific power and its spacial variation will be calculated by using orographical data. The cadastre data will be tabulated and necessary graphs and maps will be drawn up as well.
All these materials will be referenced with necessary commentary and formed as a published edition.
The project's main participants formerly connected with weapon themes will be able to use their knowledge and abilities for peaceful goals resolution regarding energetics and ecology and to make a contribution in a decision of the problem on the climate global getting warmer.
The recent project' ll allow its participants to tighten up existed links and to establish new ones with foreign colleagues. The experience got in the process of the work on the project will give an opportunity to its participants to carry out the same commercial-based investigations for the other countries. Thus project is in accordance with ISTC objectives.
All the intermidiate and final results will regularly be sent to the project's collaborators whose comments and recommendations will improve the project's quality. The collaborators' references, judgements and assessments will regularly be dispatched to ISTC while the recieved scientific results will be given to the collaborators to use them in their investigations.
In the process of the work over the project, the methods of mathematical statistics and random functions' theory will be used as well as specialized programs will be elaborated.
All the results will be presented in the electronic format and in the paper form.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.