Horticulture in Tien-Shan
The System of the Mountain Horticulture Development in the United Ecosystem of Northern Tien-Shan
Tech Area / Field
3 Approved without Funding
Kazakh Research Institute of Fruit Growing and Viticulture, Kazakstan, Almaty
- National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakstan / Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kazakstan, Almaty
- Colorado State University, USA, CO, Fort Collins
The project aim is to elaborate a well-founded system of mountain horticulture development to promote a more rational and ecologically safe use of large areas of mountain lands of the Northern Tien-Shan for horticulture.
Tasks of research:
1. Establishment of an ecologically optimum zone for main cultures and sort groups of fruit cultures for their rational placement in the mountain zone.
2. All-round evaluation of different methods of mountain land development under orchards and the definition of the most effective of them.
3. Elaboration of technological means for growing perennial plantations, providing for their high productivity and ecological safety.
4. Providing for the preservation and reproduction of soil fertility for mountain lands and the recreation of cultural agrobiomes to a condition similar to natural ones.
5. The search for effective storage technologies of fruits to reduce production losses and maximize the preservation of their biochemical and other valuable qualities.
As a result of the research, the scientific foundations will be elaborated for the further development of mountain horticulture in the Trans-Ili and Jungar Alatau. This branch of agricultural production will be co-ordinated closely with others and with the overall concept of creating a united ecosystem of the Northern Tien-Shan.
Recommendations will be given on the rational placement of cultures and sorts in the mountain zone. The most effective and ecologically safe methods of slope development and technological means for growing perennial plantations will be determined. Provision will be made for the preservation and reproduction of soil fertility of mountain lands and for the recreation of agrobiomes to a condition similar to natural ones. Storage methods will be elaborated for fruits in fruit-stores.
The elaborated system of mountain horticulture development will allow for the most effective use of mountain land massifs and will considerably increase, on this basis, the production of fruits and berries in the Republic.
5 doctors, 10 candidates of sciences, 9 scientific and technical specialists will participate in the project. All scientists are experienced in modern research methods, and many of them have completed scientific training in Russia, Germany, Israel and elsewhere.
In accordance with the aims and objectives of the ISTC, scientists and specialists with previous experience in weapons development will take part in realization of the Proposal, thus reorienting their skills to peaceful activity.
Joint investigations with foreign collaborators will help the scientists to become integrated within the international scientific community.
In planning the research considerable attention will be devoted to the most rational and effective use of mountain lands for the system of mountain horticulture development.
Technological means of slope development, soil melioration, placement of trees on terraces and others will be widely used when growing any type of plantations in mountainous, non-irrigated conditions.
Elaborated technological methods for growing productive plantations in mountain conditions will find application in cooperative, peasant and farm economies of the mountain and pre-mountain plain.
The following volume of work will be executed.
Optimal zones will be revealed for rational placement of main cultures and sorts of fruit cultures by growing them in mountain conditions.
Considerable attention will be devoted to methods of mountain land development, construction of terraces, selection of machines and mechanisms.
Effective technological growing methods of perennial plantations, including pruning and crown forming, selection of rootstocks, elaboration of doses and methods of fertilizer application, and biological methods of pest and disease control, will be revealed, to obtain high quality fruits suitable for export. Recommendations and standards will be elaborated in conformity with these methods.
Fruit stores with usual and regulated atmosphere (CA storage) will be tested during elaboration of effective methods of fruit storage. Different doses and means of pre-harvesting and post-harvesting treatments of fruits by emulsion, antioxidants, mineral salts and other preparations, providing the best preserving and high quality of stored products, will be studied.
Project research is to be conducted in field conditions, using laboratory research methods. Field experiments, registration and supervision will be conducted according to generally accepted methodical recommendations in horticulture.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.