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Nuclear Materials Control and Accounting

#1319


Development of Automated Nuclear Materials Control and Accounting (NMC&A) Methods for Fissile Material Storage Fasilities (FMSF)

Tech Area / Field

  • FIR-NOT/Nuclear and Other Technical Data/Fission Reactors
  • INF-DAT/Data Storage and Peripherals/Information and Communications

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
23.07.1998

Leading Institute
VNIIEF, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., Sarov

Supporting institutes

  • VNIITF, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Snezhinsk

Collaborators

  • Los-Alamos National Laboratory, USA, NM, Los-Alamos

Project summary

The main task for Russia as one of the leading nuclear world state is to secure guarantees on the fissile material non-proliferation and safety, primarily of the materials that might be used for nuclear explosive devices. The problem has acquired a paramount importance of late due to a large-scale nuclear weapon reduction and to a great amount of nuclear materials being involved into industrial production.

The non-proliferation guarantee system implies the Nuclear Material Control and Accounting System of as its basic element.

Currently the technical means of nuclear material control are not generally used in storage facilities, the technological processes are not automated (the inventory check executions, the account documentation conducting, etc.). That results in the efficiency guarantees of material safety be reduced, the possibility of staff failures be increased and in the necessity of the staff direct handling the containers in the conditions of high radiation fields in the storage facility rooms.

Therefore the major task at the present stage is:

- implement the objective control methods over nuclear materials in a storage facilities;

- automate the processes of handling the nuclear materials in storage facilitites;

- develop general requirements to the system of nuclear material control and accounting and to the system of personnel access;

- develop practical standard recommendations for industrial plants on designing the NM control and accounting system in storage facilities.

The works under given project are devoted to solve these issues.

While working at the project the main scientific-engineering aspects of the problem are supposed to be solved on a modern level with the latest achievements and developments by Russian and foreign scientists and engineers be involved.

While implementing the project the following issues are supposed to be developed:

1. The requirements to the content of technical and software means for the control and accounting system and to the system of the personnel access in NM storage facilities.

2. The techniques for the NM container entrance and exit control without their opening (weighing, radiation measurements, colorimetry, X-raying, etc.).

3. The techniques of inventory checks using physical methods of NM control and methods for qualitative estimation of control measure efficiency in a storage facility.

4. The techniques of storage facility inspection checks (including those pursuant to international requirements).

5. The procedures of the personnel access to storage facilities by means of technical control measures.

6. The procedures and means for automated data acquisition during control and inventory checks in a storage facility.

7. The software for automated NM control and accounting in storage facilities.

8. The recommendations on designing the NM control and accounting system for different storage facility types.

Highly qualified specialists having been engaged prior in nuclear weapon programs would carry out the work.

THE ROLE OF FOREIGN PARTNERS

The offer to nominate the given project to ISTC is supported by Los Alamos National Laboratory. According to the statement by Ron Augustson, a LANL employee, "LANL is ready to coordinate the project and to take a direct participation in the ISTC contract implementation". The project meets the support from the US Energy Department rendered by Mark Mallen, the leader of the lab-to-lab Program on nuclear material control and accounting.

Collaboration with Los Alamos National Laboratory supposes the problem discussion, consultations and the search of new approaches to the problem solution.

The given project implementation would allow to obtain practical results on perfecting the nuclear material control and accounting system in storage facilities, to develop a standard methodic base and recommendations for industrial use at the plants of Russia. These results would present scientific and practical interest not only for Russia but for the USA and for Euroatom as well.


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