Satellite DEMETER Coordinated Geophysical Observations
Complex Ground Based Geophysical Observations Coordinated with Satellite DEMETER Investigations
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-SEM/Seismic Monitoring/Environment
- OBS-NAT/Natural Resources and Earth Sciences/Other Basic Sciences
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Rudneva V Ya
Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russia, Moscow
- International Agency on Complex Monitoring of the Earth, Natural Disasters and Technogenic Catastrophes, Russia, Moscow\nInstitute of the Geophysical Services, Russia, Kaluga reg., Obninsk
- CNRS / Centre d'etude des Environnements Terrestre et Planetaires, France, Sant-Maur\nUniversita Degli Studi di Bari, Italy, Bari\nTokai University / Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Japan, Tokai\nUniversity of Maryland at College Park / Department of Physics / East-West Space Science Center, USA, MD, College Park\nCNRS / Laboratoire de Physique et Chemie de L'Environnement, France, Orleans\nUniversite Paul Sabatier / Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, France, Toulouse\nUniversity of Electro-Communications, Japan, Tokyo\nUniversity of Sheffield / Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, UK, Shiffield\nInstitute of Experimental Physics, Slovakia, Kosice
The proposed project is intended for the investigation of short-term transient processes in the global lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere coupled system using the simultaneous satellite and ground-based observations. The geophysical processes in lithosphere-ionosphere medium, which are connected with seismic activity and volcano eruptions will be investigated above all. Besides the study of Earth electromagnetic environment will be carried out. The proposed research will be based on the analysis of data obtained from the satellite DEMETER recently launched onto the orbit by CNES and two ground-based Russian geophysical observatories: Karimshino (Kamchatka) and Lekhta (Karelia). The work plan of the project foresees combined data processing and extensive theoretical modeling of the interaction processes and the transfer mechanisms in the lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere (LAI) system.
The specialists of the Institute of Physics of the Earth (IPE), Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of the Geophysical Survey of Russian Academy of Sciences (IGS) and GEOSCAN during many years conduct the investigations of the Earth seismicity and related geophysical phenomena, including the observations at Karimshino and Lehta observatories. Besides some specialists of the Institute of Physics of the Earth and GEOSCAN have the wide experience in the processing and analyzing of the satellite data.
Significant experience obtained during the current ISTC Project #1121 realization will be used for development and modernization of scientific devices and software. A large database of geophysical measurements created within the Project #1121 will make good use in data analysis.
The unique experimental data base of synchronous satellite and ground-based EM observations will give the possibility to separate the ionospheric plasma/wave anomalous phenomena definitely related to strong seismic or volcanic activity. Results of the project will help to develop the satellite methods for detection of ionospheric precursors to earthquakes.
The Project work plan foresees studying the mechanisms of large-scale natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcano eruptions and the development of the forecasting methods for their timely alerting. In a course of the Project implementation the fundamental theoretical studies on electromagnetic phenomena in lithosphere-atmosphere- ionosphere interaction, seismology and geodynamics will be carried out.
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