Monograph "Aperiodic Pulse Reactors" (English)
Preparation of the Monograph "Aperiodic Pulse Reactors" for Publication in English
Tech Area / Field
- FIR-INS/Nuclear Instrumentation/Fission Reactors
- FIR-REA/Reactor Concept/Fission Reactors
- PHY-ANU/Atomic and Nuclear Physics/Physics
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Kulikov G G
VNIIEF, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., Sarov
- Sandia National Laboratories, USA, NM, Albuquerque
Project summaryThe monograph “Aperiodic Pulse Reactors” was written and translated into English at VNIIEF under the ISTC project # 073. By now it is published in Russian under the ISTC project # 1140 (V.F. Kolesov. Aperiodicheskiye impulsnyye reaktory [Aperiodic Pulse Reactors]. RFNC-VNIIEF Publishing and Printing Department, Sarov, 1999, 1032 pages, 156 tables, 543 figures, 1039 references, 200 copies). According to Russian experts, the Russian-language monograph was a success. The monograph can be said to be an encyclopedia of pulsed reactors. A most favorable review from the leading trade journal “Atomnaya Energiya” (“Nuclear Energy”) is enclosed (V.M. Talyzin. “Atomnaya Energiya”, 2001, volume 90, issue 2, page 164; V.M. Talyzin is a well-known expert in the field of pulsed reactors and their applications from the Russian scientific center “Kurchatov Institute”).
The author of the monograph Dr. V.F. Kolesov has been instrumental in the pulsed reactor effort in Russia. For nearly forty years he has been dealing with R&D of Aperiodic Pulse Reactors (APR). He has been a major contributor to many Russian pulsed reactor projects, namely, BIR, TIBR, BR-1, BIGR, VIR, GIR-2, BR-K1 reactors. He pioneered investigations into two-region pulsed reactors to discover their advantages. As a result, several unique pulsed reactors designs were proposed and justified, including those of the above-mentioned BIGR reactor and a two-region pulsed reactor with unilateral neutron coupling between the regions due to 237Np as a threshold fission material. During the last decade his interests centered on the possibility to reduce the power of the proton accelerator in nuclear power facilities using two-region cascade-type blankets, and on gleaning evidence that there is a strong auto-catalysis effect in the explosive processes produced in reactors with a large cavity containing a neutron absorber.
The objective of this project is to prepare an English-language version of the above-mentioned monograph. The project will make available to the international scientific community valuable insights higher safety of power and research nuclear reactors. Unfortunately, outside of the CIS countries Russian scientific publications are not easily accessible, if only because of the language barrier. Thus only when published in English the book will enjoy international readerships. Without an English the book (Project # 073) will lose much of its impact.
The book was written in 1995-96, the intervening years have seen a body of new evidence on APRs. This new information on APRs will be covered by the English version. In addition, the English version will be made
The book will also address the issue of APRs gaining wide acceptance as high-power sources of n-,г-pulsed radiation. APRs are now used in a wide variety of scientific and applied investigations. APRs are also widely employed as high-power nuclear radiation sources to simulate effects of nuclear explosion radiation on materials, electronic devices and biological objects. APRs are indispensable as testing facilities in reactor safety studies. They are also used to study the behavior both of inpidual power reactor fuel elements and assembled fuel elements under postulated accidents, these uses of the reactors gaining prominence in the last two decades.
A review will also be given of APRs operating (or decommissioned) in various countries, their principles and applications in science and engineering. For each reactor, the treatment will discuss in much detail the respective underlying theory, methods for calculating the APR kinetics and dynamics, problems of control, metrology and safety. The book will also distill the international experience of designing, constructing, calculating and using the APRs gleaned during the last decade, catalog analytical treatments of the properties of new advanced APRs. In this exercise the author will draw on Russian and foreign publications, as well as the author’s own works on APR dynamics and design.
The new and modified sections of the book will be translated into English by skilled RFNC-VNIIEF translators, copy-edited by Dr. A.P. Repiev, a physicist with dozens of translation projects under his belt. The book will be pre-pressed by professional designers at RFNC-VNIIEF and proof-read by our proof-readers. We are thus well equipped to produce a camera-ready version.
The Project will meet the following objectives:
· collection, analysis and systematization of fresh evidence on APRs and their application published after the monograph was written in 1995-1996;
· author’s improvement and amendments;
· translation into English of the new and edited sections;
· printing of the edited and new sections; design of figures; pre-press of both Russian and English versions;
· copy-editing and proof-reading of the English version;
· producing the final lay-out;
· making of monograph electronic version in English;
· distribution of the book (as agreed) among scientific laboratories and large libraries of the USA, Japan, France, Great Britain and some other countries (including Russian and CIS large libraries), as well as personally among APR experts.
The finished product of the proposed project will be a publication-ready electronic English-language version of the book “Aperiodic Pulse Reactors”. The copies of the monograph will be distributed gratis among the world's major libraries and scientific institutions, as well as personally among APR experts. The distribution will be coordinated by the sponsors as the number of copies is limited.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.