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Monograph on Boron in Nuclear Engineering

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Preparation of the Monograph "Boron in Nuclear Engineering"

Tech Area / Field

  • FIR-ENG/Reactor Engineering and NPP/Fission Reactors
  • FIR-MAT/Materials/Fission Reactors

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
30.10.2000

Leading Institute
NIIAR (Atomic Reactors), Russia, Ulianovsk reg., Dimitrovgrad

Collaborators

  • CEA / Diréction des Réacteurs Nucléaires, Service d'Etudes des Matériaux Irradiés, France, Saclay\nInternational Atomic Energy Agency / Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Material Section, Austria, Vienna

Project summary

There are a lot of publications on the technology and properties of boron- containing materials in the Russian and foreign literature. However, to date a limited number of surveys have been published that are devoted to the radiation resistance of boron carbide and boron-containing materials. Some data are of contradictory character, especially for boron carbide. In this regard this publication can be considered an original one as it makes the next step in gaining knowledge of the nature of the boron-based materials behavior in reactor irradiation conditions and directs the way to their further improvement.

The main objective of the Project is to summarize a large body of literature data on the properties, methods of fabrication and radiation resistance of the boron-containing compositions that are used in nuclear reactor control rods and in other areas of nuclear science and engineering.

Below is the book content. It’s obvious that the main emphasis is placed on the radiation resistance of the boron-containing compositions and these issues are considered with regard to their fabrication technology. Another valuable thing about the monograph is that it combines such issues as technology, design solutions and radiation resistance of boron and boron-containing compositions.

Content of the monograph "Boron in Nuclear Engineering":

Introduction.

Chapter I. ABSORBER MATERIALS.


1.1. Classification.
1.2. Selection criteria.
1.3. Level of use.
1.4. Neutron absorbing efficiency.


Chapter II. BORON CARBIDE.


2.1. Production.
2.2. Crystalline structure.
2.3. Physical-mechanical properties.
2.4. Corrosion resistance.
2.5. Compatibility with structural materials.
2.6. Radiation resistance.


2.6.1. Structural damage.
2.6.2. Dimensional stability.
2.6.3. Gas release.
2.6.4. Change of physical-mechanical properties.

Chapter III. Chapter III. BORON-BASED STRUCTURAL MATERIALS.

Chapter IV. METAL BORIDES.

Chapter V. DISPERSED TYPE ABSORBERS.

Chapter VI. CONTROL RODS DESIGN.


6.1. General classification and use.
6.2. Design and fabrication.
6.3. VVER-1000 control rods.
6.4. VVER-440 control rods.
6.5. Fast reactors control rods.


Chapter VII. REFABRICATION OF BORON CARBIDE.

Chapter VIII. BIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR PROTECTION.

Chapter IX. BORON ALLOYED STEELS.

References.

The SSC RF RIAR has been involved in testing and investigation of the absorber materials and control rods for more than 35 years. For this purpose a specialized laboratory has been set up in the 60s and it is still functioning. The leading specialists of this laboratory will participate in the proposed ISTC project. A lot of publications and presentations made at the international conferences, seminars and IAEA workshops give evidence of the competency of the authors of the monograph.

A monograph "Boron in Nuclear Engineering" (100 copies in Russian and 150 copies in English) will be elaborated on the basis of summarizing numerous foreign and national publications as well as the results achieved by the authors throughout the 35-year period.

The development of such a monograph will be useful for scientists, engineers and experts working in the field of nuclear engineering as well as in adjacent areas of science and engineering.


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