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Atlas “Medicinal Plants of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan Protected Areas”

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Electronic Cadastre and Atlas “Medicinal Plants of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan Protected Areas”

Tech Area / Field

  • BIO-DIV/Biodiversity/Biotechnology
  • BIO-INF/Bioinformatics/Biotechnology

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
18.03.2013

Leading Institute
Tajik Association of BioSecurity, Tajikistan, Dushanbe

Supporting institutes

  • Kyrgyz-Turkish University "Manas", Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Collaborators

  • Iwate Medical University / School of Pharmacy, Japan, Iwate

Project summary

Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan belongs to the Central Asian countries with rich natural and cultural heritage and unique ecological mountain systems. For Kyrgyzstan it should to identify the Lake Issyk-Kul, Biosphere Territory “Issyk-Kul”, for Tajikistan – Nature protection territory as “Iskanderkul” lake.
Taken into account the climate changes and the reducing of biopersity in the world, and in Central Asian area particularly, the main objectives of the protection zones are an ecological and economical development of the regions, and also biopersity conservation. Flora of protection zones has more than 1000 species of plants it is rich by medicinal, essential oil, tanniferous, melliferous, phytoncide plants, and forming almost 50 plant communities.
Registration, systematization and analysis of the status and distribution of medicinal plants with new information technologies are important for protection territories, as modern computing and information technologies offer new opportunities to address the most important problems of biopersity conservation and control over the state of ecosystems in the context of climate changing, both on regional and biosphere levels. Mainly it concerns the possibilities of constructing spatial and dynamic models of ecosystems with different dimensions, which have forecasting capacity. The development of modeling that would reflect different aspects of organization, status and trends of biopersity, requires the establishment of universal information systems, which would contain an extensive standardized and accessible information on the taxonomy of living organisms, status and distribution of natural populations and ecosystems on different levels of organization, resource and introduction potential species. Creation of an electronic Cadastre and Atlas of data bases “Medicinal Plants of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan” with search facilities on main groups of plants and plant communities has a particular importance.
Electronic Cadastre and Atlas is aimed on ensuring systematization and providing a wide access to various information on biopersity of medicinal plants of protection zones, based on modern information technology. During the work it is expected to develop common approaches to the systematization and preservation of perse botanical and ecological information, to integrate this information into Geographic Information System (GIS).
The main sources of information are data, collected by researchers during several decades in biological institutions, academic journals, monographs, textbooks, materials stored in herbaria, as well as results of our experimental research and field journals of expeditions.
Because of this, joining efforts of specialists of various specialties – taxonomists, florists, geobotanists, ecologists, and IT specialists– is now important for organizing a unified information system on biopersity of flora, in particular medicinal plants.
The creation of Databases (DBs) contains information from florists and published data on medicinal plants of protection areas. Main sections of the Electronic Cadastre and Atlas will contain reference names of taxa, information on species persity, data on species with resource value, an information on environmental topics and introduction of species. Sections will consist of thematically related databases, which include:
1. Reference lists of taxa.
2. Species biopersity.
3. Diversity of communities.
4. Nature protection.
5. Resources and introduction.
GIS support. Considerable part of information in Electronic Atlas will have a spatial reference. Need for integration analysis and management of heterogeneous information, as well as presenting it in a form of thematic maps, schemes, diagrams and other documents makes attractive the use of geographic information systems. The main purpose of creating geoinformation system of atlas is construction of information system, ensuring identifying spatial patterns of behavior of objects of biopersity. The basis of GIS of electronic atlas is a map database, which consists of digital cartographic base and a variety of digital maps, showing both thematic loads of electronic atlas and space-time characteristics of studied objects.
The objective of the Project is to develop an electronic Cadastre and Atlas “Medicinal Plants of Protection areas of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan”.
During the Project the following tasks will be fulfilled:
1. Collection, analysis and systematization of data on medicinal plants of protection areas of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan".
a. Designing the structure of semantic database, it’s filling and creating a database describing each species of medicinal plants.
b. Creating electronic (vectorial) topographical base and putting thematic layers on topographical base, i.e. habitats of medicinal species of plants of protection areas.
2. Selecting and converting pictures and photos of medicinal plants to electronic form, i.e. creating united electronic album.
3. “Tying” semantic database and database with description of each species of medicinal plants to semantic layers, i.e. creating united electronic cadastre.
4. Presenting results of work to republican and international scientific communities. Final report.


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