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Pacific Ocean Atlas

#1696


International Geological-Geophysical Atlas of the Pacific Ocean

Tech Area / Field

  • OBS-OTH/Other/Other Basic Sciences
  • OBS-GEO/Geology/Other Basic Sciences
  • OBS-NAT/Natural Resources and Earth Sciences/Other Basic Sciences

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
15.11.1999

Completion date
27.01.2005

Senior Project Manager
Temeev S A

Leading Institute
Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russia, Moscow

Project summary

The idea of the international integration of the results of marine geology and geophysics arose as a result of a number of international research projects, such as the International Geophysical Year (1957-1960), the International Indian Ocean Expedition (1960-1965), the International Earth’s Upper Mantle Project (1960-1965) and others. During that period a new form of integration of the data was proposed, i.e. – special atlases, including International Geological-Geophysical Atlases of the Oceans. The beginning of such integration of the data took the form of the International Geological-Geophysical Atlas of the Indian Ocean (1975), continued by the International Geological-Geophysical Atlas of the Atlantic Ocean (1990), and later through the commencement of the compilation of the International Geological-Geophysical Atlas of the Pacific Ocean.

The beginning of the compilation of the atlas of the Pacific ocean coincided with the end of the cold war, and that opened up to scientists the possibility for the use in parallel with traditional technologies of a number of specialized technologies worked out in fulfillment of naval orders. Data obtained through new and traditional technologies by specialists of those countries most active in oceanic research, and who had experience in fundamental as well in applied science, such as the creation of devices and methods for submarine navigation, provided an invaluable contribution to the creation of the mass of data available for the compilation of the Geological-Geophysical Atlas of the Pacific Ocean. The contents of this Atlas directly provide a broad range of scientists, sailors of naval, commercial and fishing fleets, ecologists and marine industrial geologists and engineers with full knowledge of the actual data and their fundamental integration. Knowledge of the Pacific Ocean – the largest ocean of the Earth – is important not only for oceanic sciences and marine industry, but also for the solution of problems of a global nature. The initiative in the creation of the International Geological-Geophysical Atlases of the Oceans was first undertaken by Russian scientists, but the compilation of these atlases brought together hundreds of leading scientists of Japan, the USA, the UK, Germany, France and other countries, headed by the International Editorial Board (chairman Gleb B. Udintsev). Funding for the projects of the compilation of the atlases of the Indian and Atlantic oceans has been provided by the Academy of Sciences of the USSR and the Ministry of Geology of the USSR. The disintegration of the USSR and the complex financial situation of Russia due to the radical restructuring of the social system did not allow the team of international authors to complete the work begun in 1991, and to publish the huge mass of data collected using the most recent sophisticated technology, which could exert a significant impact on the solution to many problems in Earth and Oceanic Science, and in the development of marine industry.

The proposed project provides for the completion of the collection and elaboration of the huge mass of data, obtained through the use of modern technologies, which can be highly important for the solution of numerous problems of the Earth and Ocean Science, and for marine industry. It requires completion of the analysis and synthesis of the authors’ original data for a number of the most complex areas of some branches of Earth Science, the compilation and scientific editing of maps, and the preparation for printing of the 240 pages of the Atlas of the Pacific Ocean . The project will take 15 months, and this will then allow for the publication of the Atlas in printed and electronic form on compact disks.


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