Radiation Contamination Data Base
Development of a Sophisticated Computer Based Data System for Evaluation of the Radiation Legacy of the Former USSR and Setting Priorities on Remediation and Prevention Policy.
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
VNIIKhT (Chemical Technology), Russia, Moscow
- European Commission / Joint Research Center / Environmental Institute, Italy, Ispra\nBritish Nuclear Fuels Ltd (BNFL) / Waste Disposal Research Group Sellafield R&D, UK, Cumbria, Seascale\nUniversiteit Leuven, Belgium, Leuven\nInternational Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA), Austria, Laxenburg\nSGN (Société Générale pour les Techniques Nouvelles), France, Montigny le Bretonneux
Project summaryThe objective of the second phase of the Project is to create a public accessible database linked to geographical information system (GIS) that will describe available information on the radiation legacy of the former Soviet Union (FSU). This system will be developed so as to aid policy makers in two principle areas:
1. identify and set priorities on radiation safety problems and
2. provide guidance for the development of technically, economically, publicly, and institutionally sound policies to reduce the impact of radioactively contaminated sites.
In accordance with the funding directives of the Governing Board of the ISTC, this project has been separated into two phases, the first phase is being carried out now. The second phase is a continuation of the first phase.
Phase 1 consists of:
- the development of the methodology necessary for a systems approach to the creation of the database and GIS technology;
- collection and analysys of data about radioactive waste accumulated ("first order" data). These are physical, chemical, technical and general characteristics of the facilities of interest, and selected socio-institutional data;
- determination of the computer application methodologies;
- development of a simple operational prototype data system linked to 2 or 3 GIS examples.
Phase 2 will consist of:
- an evaluation of the completeness of data collected during Phase 1;
- collection and analysis additional, "second order" data including socio-institutional, geographic, demographic, and climatic characteristics allowing to develop a public accessible data base and GIS;
- development of the map blocks as GIS components;
- creation a public accessible data system including data base and GIS on radiation legacy of the former USSR..
A huge amount of data relevant to the radiation problems of the FSU exists now. At the same time, there has been no systematic, comprehensive and interdisciplinary effort to exchange information and coordinate activities, to achieve technically sound and cost effective management, and cleanup of the RW.
The results of this project should aid in conducting risk estimate studies, analyzing the transboundary and transjurisdictional aspects of waste and spent fuel transportation, determining future land uses, and evaluating radionuclide material flows through the environment.
The public accessible prototype database and GIS will be developed on PC. It will be accessible to the public via the networks RELCOM / EUNET / INTERNET.
Roles of foreign collaborators:
IIASA - consult with the Russians in the development of a computer based data system on the radiation legacy of the ex-USSR to create a homogeneous, user-friendly interface.
British Nuclear Fuel Limited (BNFL) - will consult in the development of methodological tools for coping with specific radiation problems.
Invited are the institutions of USA (national organizations: Department of Energy, Sandia National Laboratories, Los-Alamos National Laboratory and others) and Japan (Tokyo Electric Power Company, Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation and others). Possible role: exchange by databases on specific radiation problems, GIS development.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.