Decomposition of Liquid Rocket Fuel
Defusing of Liquid Rocket Fuel Useless Components
Tech Area / Field
3 Approved without Funding
Georgian Academy of Sciences / P. Melikishvili Institute of Physical and Organic Chemistry, Georgia, Tbilisi
- University of Jena, Germany, Jena
Project summaryThe former Soviet Army left components of the liquid rocket fuel (oxidizer AK-20 and fuel TG-02) on the territory of Georgia. At present most of them are useless and not available for utilization. The basic part of these components are located at the strategic air fore base in village Meria of the Ozurgeti region just 8 km far from Black Sea coast. A part of the liquid fuel is disposed also in suburbs of Tbilisi and Poti.
According to the order of the President of Georgia no. 401 by August 28, 1997 was planned gradual defusing of the liquid fuel components during 1998–2000. Though, Georgian government has just partially financed this project due to economical difficulties in the Country.
According to the instructions of the former Soviet Army the neutralization of the oxidizer – AK-20K has to be performed by caustic sodium aqueous solution while high-octant TG-02 fuel has to be neutralized by aqueous solution of boric acid. Then, by mixing with avionics kerosene it has to be burned (at present this method is forbidden by Geneva convention).
Instead of the above noted methodic we elaborated a new scheme of neutralization which is less expensive, not ecologically dangerous and allows to obtain different products for agricultural, medical and industrial purposes. The neutralization of the oxidizer – AK-20K is recommended to perform by Ca(OH)2. As a result ‘Norwegian selitra’ is obtained which could be successfully used for fertilizing acid soils in west Georgia. Moreover, by mixing of Norwegian selitra with turf is obtained organic-mineral fertilizer of wide usage spectrum.
Another component – TG-02 fuel is fractured after rectification. Triethylamminic fraction after the special processing could be used as contact herbicide against weeds, while on the base of xilidine fraction could be prepared anti-detonating additions for vehicle petrol and also synthesized biologically active preparations.
Thus, realization of the above noted utilization scheme for rocket liquid fuel components allows preparation of the important products for the industry of Georgia and improvement of the ecological situation in the coastal zone of the Black Sea.
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