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GIS Model for Kazakhstan

#K-667


Creation of GIS model for the nations inhabiting region in Kazakhstan for cartographic support of ISTC projects on the example of territory zoning of RK by the degree of radiation risk

Tech Area / Field

  • INF-COM/High Performance Computing and Networking/Information and Communications
  • INF-DAT/Data Storage and Peripherals/Information and Communications
  • ENV-OTH/Other/Environment
  • INF-OTH/Other/Information and Communication

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
09.01.2001

Leading Institute
Geodata Ltd, Kazakstan, Almaty

Supporting institutes

  • National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakstan / Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kazakstan, Almaty

Collaborators

  • EDV-TECHNIK, Austria, Graz\nFrontier Mining Ltd, USA, NM, Albuquerque

Project summary

Objective of the project is the creation of GIS model for the nations inhabiting region in Kazakhstan for cartographic support of ISTC projects on the example of territory zoning of RK by the degree of radiation risk, that can give scientists and specialists concerned with weapons the possibility for scientific and research activities in peaceful spheres.

This project will allow creating with the help of GIS and Internet technologies fundamentally new electronic maps concerned with the nations inhabiting region at the territory of the current RK. Unsettled territories will be also presented as the basic ecological resource of the country and agglomeration – as the main sources of ecological processes that will permit eliminating such distortions as:

· Data distortion about settling density of the population of RK;

· Distortions in the assessment of ecological potential of RK – the main resource of the XXI century.

At the same time builders of ecological and social projects being aware about the importance of every square kilometer in ecology don’t know the real state of dozens square kilometers and so every region of Kazakhstan.

That is why there is the insistent necessity to integrate theoretical researches and practical techniques, to collect “under one roof” experience and achievements of different, very branched segments, sometimes advanced in their development and forgotten about their earth’s geographical roots. Such integration trend is rather fruitful: theory, models, techniques and data, developed in various segments should now serve to the common deal – forming a single knowledge system about the Earth and society, including for more complete usage them in future ISTC projects.

In addition, on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the course of previous years 468 atmospheric, ground level and underground nuclear explosions were executed to test nuclear weapons at the Semipalatinsk atomic proving ground, and 37 underground nuclear bursts for peaceful purposes. “The peaceful nuclear explosions” were performed for searching useful mineral resources (subsurface seismic zoning), formation of underground cavities for storing the recovered oil and gas, exercising in technologies for developing the underground cavities by the method of underground nuclear bursts. The locations for conducting nuclear tests for peaceful purposes are situated in the West-Kazakhstan Oblast (Lira and Batolit sites), Atyrau Oblast (Azgir site), Mangistau Oblast, and Aktyubinsk Oblast (Meridian site). In the Mangistau Oblast there is located the storage-tailing pond KOSHKAR-ATA for slightly radioactive waste from the uranium mining and processing industry. All these objects are located on the territories where inhabitants reside and great economic activity is performed – in the immediate vicinity from the enterprises of oil- and gas production industry, and the storage-tailing pond KOSHKAR-ATA is located at the distance of five kilometers from the city of Aktau. The places for executing the underground nuclear explosions for the peaceful purposes represent potential hazards in case of the radionuclides’ escape to the surface. Moreover, the territory of the Semipalatinsk atomic proving ground and the storage-tailing pond KOSHKAR-ATA make their contribution to the global fallout of radionuclides on account of the wind erosion and transfer of radionuclides by snow-melt water.

Along with it, in the Project the following will be performed:

· Gathering of information, getting of the lacking information relative to contamination of the territory of Semipalatinsk atomic proving ground by radionuclides: cesium, strontium, americium, and plutonium. In the course of a number of years such investigations were carried out by the institutions of the National Nuclear Center. These investigations should not be considered as the completed ones since there are no electronic map as to the proving ground contamination by radionuclides.

· An expedition will be arranged to the storage-tailing pond KOSHKAR-ATA with the purpose of clarifying the radiation situation in the tailing pond and on the adjacent territories. There will be conducted some measurements of the radiation background, collected samples from the coastal zone soil, from the liquid phase and bottom sediments in order to make subsequent laboratory measurements as to the content of toxic and radioactive elements.

· An expedition will be organized to the objects Lira and Azgir for measuring the radiation background and collecting the samples of soil, subsoil water and water from the open water bodies on the adjacent territories.

· Based on the data relative to the radiation background measurements and to the content of radioactive elements in soils and subsoil water, the extrapolation of the data will be made and the covering of the territories will be constructed in accordance with the degree of the radiation risk for these territories.

The implementation of this Project will facilitate:

· Integration on the common digital topographic map of Kazakhstan (Scale 1:500,000) of detailed data of investigating certain inpidual regions starting from the data obtained as a consequence of activities of the ISTC Projects as well as of some other organizations.

· Supplying the further ISTC Projects with digital cartographic information.

· Expansion of joint activities among the ISTC, participating organizations to the projects and some other research institutes of Kazakhstan.

· Delivery of information about the situation on the current territory of the RK at the ISTC server thus giving a potentiality for the world scientific public to get knowledge about technological developments and research results gained in the course of collaboration of the participating organizations and ISTC.

· Provide access for Kazakhstan’s specialists (including the participants in the ISTC Projects) to the geoinformation segment on the ISTC server in order to apply the data of their developments and to input the outcomes of their activities with the purpose of popularizing these results.

· Submit the information concerning the radiation situation on the territory of Kazakhstan to the general public.

That is why there is the insistent necessity to integrate theoretical researches and practical techniques, to collect “under one roof” experience and achievements of different, very branched segments, sometimes advanced in their development and forgotten about their earth’s geographical roots. Such integration trend is rather fruitful: theory, models, techniques and data, developed in various segments should now serve to the common deal – forming a single knowledge system about the Earth and society, including for more complete usage them in future ISTC projects.

In the process of work it is necessary to arrange mutually beneficial cooperation with the foreign partners for discussion of researches results on subject-matters list, exchange of techniques, provision of scientific and technique information on matters considered in the project.

Implementation of the project “Creation of GIS model for the nations inhabiting region in Kazakhstan for cartographic support of ISTC projects on the example of territory zoning of RK by the degree of radiation risk” is the first stage and necessary chain of successful implementation of ISTC projects and the fundament for universal GIS “Kazakhstan”, designed for solution of wide circle of user’s tasks.


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The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.

 

ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

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