Environmental Priorities for Urals
The Assessment of Priorities for Middle Urals' Environmental Pollution Protection.
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Kulikov G G
Institute of Industrial Ecology, Russia, Sverdlovsk reg., Ekaterinburg
- VNIITF, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Snezhinsk
- Center for Environmental Research / Department of Applied Landscape Ecology, Germany, Leipzig
Project summaryThe specific objectives of this project are to develop and to implement a methodology to establish Russian priorities for future pollution prevention efforts in a limited geographic region of the Middle Urals (a part of Chelyabinsk and Sverdlovsk Oblasts). This methodology will be developed on two geographic levels: local (town scale) and regional (region scale). Detailed environmental analysis will be performed on a local scale and extrapolated to the regional scale.
The methodology will be based on available environmental data obtained by Russian governmental organizations; will use existing technical analyses for the assessment of environmental conditions and effects of pollution sources; and will be based on existing methods for modeling the transport of pollutants in the environment. The methodology will also include techniques developed at the Russian Federal Nuclear Center by nuclear weapons scientists which can be applied to environmental problems.
This work will be performed in compliance with international standards in environmental protection; legislation and other regulations currently in force in Russia; and original techniques developed by the Russian participants.
As a result of this project:
• Priorities for future pollution prevention efforts to reduce the negative effects of pollution sources on the environment and, consequently, on the health of people in the Middle Urals will be assessed;
• Local and regional-level methodologies will be created with practical uses which will allow local and oblastlcvel governing and administrative bodies to make better environmental decisions;
• Construction design organizations and their clients will be able to propose more efficient environmental protection measures in pre-concept and design documentation.
This methodology for assessing pollution prevention priorities has been proposed because the environmental problems of the Middle Urals are typical for a Russian industrial region in magnitude, seriousness and urgency, while governmental resources for their solution are very limited. The results and experience acquired from this project will be useful in solving similar problems in other regions of the Urals and possibly of Russia and other nations. The technical importance of the project includes the development of a methodology for the establishment of scientifically based priorities for future environmental projects. While improvements in industrial efficiency are not a direct goal of the project, the results will allow the concentration of future efforts and funding for more effective reduction of environmental hazards. The project will allow the choice of an optimum way to address the Middle Urals urgent environmental problems and will ultimately have a positive economic effect.
As resources for the solution of Russian environmental problems are so limited, we must begin by reducing pollution sources in a cost-effective way by applying the available resources only to the most important problems. International collaboration will provide useful experience for the Russian participants in the project as the American participants will apply their pollution prevention expertise and knowledge of US environmental problems to those of the Middle Urals.
The principal objectives of the ISTC are supported by the proposed project. The VNIITF specialists involved in weapons design activities, together with their US counterparts, will apply their expertise to peaceful, long-term environmental activities.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.