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Antennas, Antenna Arrays (Active, Passive, Adaptive) and Their Elements Based on Planar and Three-Dimensional UHF (Microwave) and EHF (Millimeter Wave) Integrated Circuits Operating within Millimeter and Sub-Millimeter Wave Banks for Radar, Navigation, Co

Tech Area / Field

  • INS-OTH/Other/Instrumentation

8 Project completed

Registration date

Completion date

Senior Project Manager
Komashko B A

Leading Institute
Russian Academy of Sciences / Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics / Fryazino Branch, Russia, Moscow reg., Fryazino


  • Marconi Research Center, UK

Project summary

The development of the Systems for Superfast Processing of Information (SSPI) becomes the problem of prior importance on the eve of XXI age - the age of informatics. One of possible ways to obtain the effective, high reliable and cheap SSPIs is to design them on the base of Three-Dimensional Integrated Circuits (TDIC) while the processing of information is performed directly on radio signal frequency in microwave and (or) millimeter wave bands. The advantages of such combining of microwave SSPI units with TDICs are the following:
1) No new procedures are required, because manufacturing process utilizes only well developed technology of planar 1C;
2) Mass-size parameters of microwave and millimeter wave SSPI units are essentially reduced (in lё3 orders);
3) Processing velocity is increased in 1ё2 orders.

The achieved results are very important for medicine, new biomedical technologies where the receiving of information from acupuncture points, diagnostics and treatment are performed at extremely low levels of energy in millimeter band.

The investigations of TDIC as the basis for microwave and millimeter wave SSPI allowed to develop and promote to civil and military industry wide class of operating devices where passive, active and adaptive phased antenna arrays are realized with regard to statistic behavior of technological and servicing tolerances.

The Main Goal of the Project:

The main goal of the project is to prepare the commercially accessible Handbook (with user's guide on CD-ROM in MS Word 6.0 and Scientific Word Format) of transmitting lines and basic elements for antenna-feeder systems based on microwave and millimeter wave TDIC; to develop mathematical models and application software to analyze and synthesize the functional units of antenna-feeder systems based on TDIC; mathematical models of biomedical processes with low and extremely low energy levels in millimeter wave band for diagnostics and treatment of wide spectrum of illnesses by millimeter wave therapy. The necessary equipment for these purposes is designed and fabricated on the base of TDIC concepts.

The Expected Results

The realization of this Project leads to fabrication of commercially accessible devices, transmitting lines, basic elements and functional units, their mathematical models and the models of processes and systems for radar, navigation, communication, medicine, biology, biomedical technologies able to be competitive at the world market.

The performing and edition of the Handbook of TDIC elements both hard and soft versions will bridge the gap existing in the world market of intellectual property in the field of knowledge mentioned above.


In the frames of presented Project it is proposed to perform the following:

- to prepare the Handbook of well known and unconventional transmitting lines, basic elements, functional units based on planar and TDIC technology being provided with detailed technical description and operating instructions. These elements can be involved in radiating, resonant and antenna structures including passive, active and adaptive phased antenna arrays for technical and biomedical applications.
- to summarize well known mathematical models of transmitting lines, basic elements and functional units based on TDIC and operating within microwave and millimeter wave bands for antenna and biomedical applications, to estimate expertly their correctness, accuracy, velocity taking into account technological and design parameter scattering, to improve mathematical models for known structures, base elements and functional units and to develop mathematical models for new ones.
- to prepare CD-ROM interactive database involving soft version of the Handbook, software to demonstrate the application, the utilities for fast searching of the information the user is interested in and to draw up the tables summarizing technical parameters of various devices in order to compare their efficiency when solving the certain problem.
- to perform commercially accessible and certified software (FORTRAN -language) for technical and biomedical applications of antenna arrays, applicative antennas and attended SSPI elements based on TDIC and operating within microwave and millimeter wave bands.


The reports for Center, publications, models, work versions and research versions of application software will be presented as the results of the work.

Potential role of foreign collaborators

Rome Laboratory (Hanscom, Boston, USA) is a leader organization in US Air Force system with respect to the problems of antenna-feeder systems (AFS), their theory and design. Rome Lab. investigations are widely known in the world, moreover, Rome Lab. has collected large database and knowledge in mathematical support of researches and design of AFS based on planar and TDIC.

During the performing of the work the approximate mathematical models of transmitting lines and rapid AFS basic elements having been developed by Russian authors of the Project will be supplemented by rigorous but respectively slow procedures and models having been developed in Rome Lab.

Such symbiosis of Russian and American AFS Schools will allow the most complex problems of AFS design and their provision systems to be solved effectively. It will permit to find the optimum solutions in mathematical simulation, design, manufacturing and exploitation of AFS operating in microwave and millimeter wave bands with regard to the constructive and technological conditions.


The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.


ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

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