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Remote Plague Monitoring

#K-278


Monitoring of plague and other and other infections with similar etiology natural foci in Central Asia based on remote sensing.

Tech Area / Field

  • AGR-DIG/Diagnostics/Agriculture
  • AGR-DIS/Disease Surveillance/Agriculture

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
08.07.1998

Leading Institute
Kazakh Scientific Center for Quarantine and Zoonotic Diseases, Kazakstan, Almaty

Supporting institutes

  • Institute of Space Research, Kazakstan, Almaty\nAtyrau Plague Control Station, Kazakstan, Atyrau

Project summary

Goals of the project: Implementation of a new monitoring method based on remote sensing of natural foci of plague and other infections with similar etiology (anthrax, cholera, tularemia etc.) into the epidemiological practice. It includes data acquisition (air/space and on-ground) within natural foci, analysis of the data acquired and forecasting of the epizootic and epidemic situation. Later on - creation of the system of extensive monitoring of the natural foci in Central Asia, forecasting, and fast reaction.

The goals are in compliance with ISTC goals directed to the support of peaceful fundamental and applied research in the field of health care and nature conservation.

Scope of the work planned: reconnoiter and monitoring within natural plague biogeocenosises, remote sensing of their components, interpretation and analysis of data, forecasting of epidemic situation, implementation into practice.

Main methods of the work planned: 1) Monitoring of the natural foci including remote sensing (air/space), field epizootic and epidemic surveillance of the territories, contact measurements of optical properties of the natural objects. 2) Retrospective and comparative analysis of the data obtained and collected. 3) Epizootic and epidemic forecasting based on the results of the mentioned analysis.

Location of the project and equipment: The project’s field activities will mainly take place within North-East Pre Caspian which is well known as a territory of natural foci of plague and other natural diseases. Remote sensing is planned onboard the orbital space station (satellite) and research air photography plane. Laboratory activities will take place at the Kazakh Plague Control Research Institute. Decipherment of the data acquired, interpretation and analysis will take place at the Institute of Space Research.

Expected results: 1). Development of the three level system of monitoring, forecasting and adequate reaction within the territories of natural foci of plague and other infections with similar etiology. 2). Establishment of the operational service of monitoring and fast reaction within the natural foci of particularly dangerous infections.

Possible collaboration: US Department of Energy, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, which has a wide experience in remote sensing and interpretation.


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