Polyfunctional Compounds for Environment Decontamination
Development and Design of New Polyfunctional Compounds and Materials for Radiation Hygiene and Medical Prophylactics. A stage #1. Edited and coordinated workplan
Tech Area / Field
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Kondratenkov Yu B
VNIITF, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Snezhinsk
- MIFI, Russia, Moscow\nRussian Academy of Sciences / Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russia, Moscow
- Environment Consulting Company, USA, CA, North Hollywood
Project summaryAt present, because of high incidence of ecological disasters and wide-scale application of radioactive isotopes for many branches of industry, the problem of human health protection becomes of vital importance. First of all, the said is true for the areas of radiation hygiene and prophylactics, and for general improvement of environmental healthy state. The facilities used now to ameliorate the environment are often of low efficiency, their high concentrations and doses of complex compositions being required.
The Project implies development and design of innovative compounds and materials which, being polyfunctional in their nature, would reveal high efficiency for radionuclides, heavy and toxic metals, gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, molds, and other bacterial and mechanical contaminants. The project deals with the following tasks:
- Synthesis, characterization, and choice of optimal compositions of new polyfunctional compounds and materials (deactivating and flocculating agents, sorbents, filtration materials, etc.) for environmental detoxification;
- Comprehensive medical and biological, sanitary and hygienic testing of new materials;
- Development of laboratory and pilot techniques for manufacturing of new materials;
- Elaboration of methods for radiochemical isolation and measurements of radionuclide activity both on location and in samples;
- Production of laboratory and pilot batches of new compounds and materials;
- Laboratory, pilot, and large scale testing of new materials with the aim of their wide introduction into practice in Russia and abroad.
Accomplishment of the project will promote significant improvement of the environment, as well as excluding or 1.2-2.0 times reduction in the amount of man's health impairing reagents used. Preliminary tests of some laboratory samples of the new materials in several regions underwent ecological disasters (for example, in Chernobyl) showed promising results. In Russia there are abundant cheap resources of raw materials for production of new polyfunctional compounds and materials.
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