Magneto-compensation for patients with cardio-vascular diseases
Clinical Approbation of Technology for Active Magneto-Compensation for Protection of Magneto-Sensitive Patients with Cardio-Vascular Diseases During Geomagnetic Storms
Tech Area / Field
- MED-DID/Diagnostics & Devices/Medicine
- MED-DIS/Disease Surveillance/Medicine
- SAT-AST/Astronomy/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation
3 Approved without Funding
Helio-magnetocardiology Scientific Center, Georgia, Tbilisi
- Georgian Technical University, Georgia, Tbilisi\nEvgeni Kharadze Georgian National Astrophysical Observatory, Georgia, Tbilisi
- University of Minnesota / Chronobiology Center\nBelgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, Belgium, Brussels
Project summaryAim of the project.. The objective of the proposed project is to provide a clinical approbation of active magneto compensation technology for protection of magneto sensitive patients with cardio-vascular diseases during geomagnetic storms
Current status. Deaths caused by cardio-vascular diseases (CVD) ranks as one of the highest causes of death in the world. The role of helio-geophysical factors in the development and course of these diseases has been studied insufficiently. Considerable correlations between aggravations of some diseases with the cyclic and non-cyclic activity of the Sun, which acts as an external synchronizing or desynchronizing factor on the organism’s vital signs, have been found. Solar proton flares (SPFs), earth-bound coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and sudden changes in the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) sign polarity can result in geomagnetic storms. Such storms break the habitual, synchronous rhythm of vital processes and, for patients with cardiac pathology, are powerful stress-factors drastically changing the functional activity of neuro-humoral regulatory mechanisms: balance of autonomic nervous system is affected, activity of sympathoadrenal systems raises, flow and coagulation properties of blood change. Destabilizing the functional activity of the cardiovascular system (CVS) raises, the risk of occurrence of hypertensive crises, various types of arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, up to the development of a fatal outcome. The most logical way of protecting magneto-sensitive patients during geomagnetic storms (GMS) is by administering beta-blockers and antiaggregants which really do reduce the negative influence of these factors, but do so by blocking them completely. Therefore, for protection of magneto-sensitive patients in hospital conditions and prevention of CVD complications the use of magneto-compensated wards is considered more expedient.
For realization of the objects planned in this project our main objectives are:
- To develop and design magneto-compensated and magneto-modulated devices.
- To reveal magneto-sensitive patients.
- To make short-term forecasts of GMSs in real time.
It has been shown that attempts to protect patients from GMSs by means of passive shielding ( screens from the various materials) of hospital wards employed more than 1-2 days can lead to deterioration of the patient’s health state because of desynchronization of vital signs owing to electromagnetic isolation. For this reason the proposed project will look at new ways to shield against large fluctuations in the GMF. GMS Forecasting is carried out world-wide; http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/the Boulder (USA); http://sidc.oma.be/ Brussels, Belgium; http://www.izmiran.ru Izmiran (Troitsk, Russia) However, these forecasts are intended for rather high altitudes of the Earth and can perge from real events at local middle latitudes for not only several hours, but up to 24 hrs.
Influence of the project on the progress in this area. A successful project will result in a prototype of a protection of magneto-sensitive patients with CVD from GMSs. This will be done by means of new technology of active magneto compensation, which provides the creation of a controlled magnetic field in a hospital ward’s room, thus maintaining conditions characteristic of a calm geomagnetic environment. A special device keeping normal magnetic conditions in the ward will compensate changes of the geomagnetic field during GMSs.
In the project’s framework we intend to raise the accuracy of GMS forecasting based on solar wind (SW) characteristics – detection of SW density harbingers oscillations on the average of 2 days prior to their commencement, considering real geomagnetic events in local middle latitudes.
The participants’ expertise. Participants in the project are leading experts in corresponding areas and have during the last decades been studying the geomagnetic influences on the human organism. More than 70 works have been published in this area in leading scientific journals. The scientists involved in our project take part in international conferences and co-operate with the Chronobiology Centre of Minnesota University (Minneapolis, the USA).
Expected results and their application. The technology and optimum modes of magneto-sensitive patients protection developed within the framework of the project will be recommended for use with the purpose to prevent various complications among patients with CVD.
GMS forecasting developed during the project will be published on the website of E. Kharadze Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, http://observatory.iliauni.edu.ge/. The original method for revealing magneto-sensitive patients developing by physicians-group of the project will be recommended for the use with the purpose of early diagnosis.
Within the framework of the project, we will define engineering specifications, which will be a basis for the application of corresponding devices in hospitals. Working out the principles of forecasting, early diagnosis and protection prototypes for magneto-sensitive patients, certainly, will have a significant medical, social, scientific and economic value.
Meeting the ISTC Goals and Objectives. Some participants of the project are former experts in defense who will have an opportunity to use their knowledge and experience for peaceful purposes to protect people against negative influences of the near-Earth space environment.
Scope of activities. Effort provided by the project includes performing the following tasks:
- Elaboration, designing and exploitation of devices for magneto-compensation and magneto-modulation.
- Making of short-term GMS forecasts and their use in hospitals.
- Clinical approbation of the technology of active magneto-compensation and magneto-compensation wards (MCW).
- Revealing of magneto-sensitive patients.
- Monitoring of magneto-sensitive patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and essential hypertension (EH) in regular and magneto-compensated wards during GMS.
- Computer processing and comparative analysis of the monitoring data.
- Working out of optimum modes for protection of magneto-sensitive patients with a purpose of IHD and EH complications prevention.
- Preparation of reports and publications based on the research results.
Role of Foreign Collaborators/Partners. The Dr. Engineering Norma Bock Crosby, Senior Scientist from Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy agreed to be a collaborator of this Project. According to the letter Dr. Norma Bock Crosby, she is ready to provide us with information, particularly: joint discussion of project results, meetings and direct visits can be the form our collaboration.
Technical Approach and Methodology. Use of technology of active magneto-compensation and application of an original method for revealing magneto-sensitive patients and GMS forecast for local geographic latitudes will be the basic innovation of the project.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.