Automatic Protection against Floods
System of the Automatic Alarming and Disaster Flood Protection of Objects and Territories
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
3 Approved without Funding
National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan / Institute of Automatics, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek
- DODSON & Associates, Inc., USA, TX, Houston\n[Individual specialist]\nOld Dominion University / Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, USA, VA, Norfolk\nUniversity of Wyoming / Department of Civil Engineering, USA, WY, Laramie\nTechniDATA / Munich Branch Office, Germany, Haar\nVon Hoerner&Sulger (vH&S), Germany, Schwetzingen
- \nNew Mexico State University / Department of Civil Engineering, USA, NM, Las Cruces
Project summaryGoal of the Project is to develop the system of automatic alarming and protection of objects and territories against catastrophic floods.
Action Plan has been designed during РDG stage. The following activities have been accomplished during this work:
– analysis of world experience and concepts of building flood protection systems;
– discussion of the problems related to alarming and protection of objects and territories against catastrophic floods with foreign collaborators and experts;
– development of the methodological approaches for implementation of full-scale investigations;
– detailed development of the technical basis for creation of the demonstrative sample of flood protection system.
Action Plan was discussed with project collaborators. Some improvements were made in the Action Plan as a result of cooperation with foreign collaborators. Particularly, sections related to a scope of overall activities, management issues and also plan of utilizing the addressed technologies has been elaborated in details.
The following below a brief summary can be formulated as a result of studying materials during PDG stage and analyzing those ones, which were available before project development.
Considerable increase of atmospheric precipitation caused by global rise in temperature of the Earth leads to more frequent catastrophic floods. Taking into account this fact, designing and building of automatic alarming and flood protection systems are considered now as actual and necessary steps to reduce risk and consequences of such emergency events.
Review of world experience in building the flood protection systems showed that the systems of automatic alarming and protection against catastrophic floods (SAAP), which are designed to meet complex requirements – from the one hand for alarming and protection against disaster floods and from the other hand for automatic control of water flows – are not used in the world.
Design and development of the system of automatic alarming and protection of objects and territories against catastrophic floods imply an accomplishment of the following tasks:
– development of the concept and approaches for building the automatic system for alarming and protection against catastrophic floods;
– development of mathematical modeling of water flow motion in the open river-bed under conditions of a sudden increase of water discharge;
– development of appropriate mathematical models simulating a load increment onto waterworks’ elements because of rainfall floods;
– development of wireless alarming and control subsystem (WACS);
– design of interfacing modules of WACS for linking with pneumo-hydraulic level’s regulators;
– elaboration of a package of the design and operational documentation (DOD) for SAAP;
– making the SAAP demonstration sample and conduction of its full-scale investigation;
– development of a plan of utilizing technologies elaborated during the project implementation.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.