Detection of Anti-personnel Mines by Radiometric Method
Methodical and Equipment Provision of the Humanitarian Mine Clearance of the Regional Conflict Territories by Millimeter Wave Radiometric Method
Tech Area / Field
- INS-DET/Detection Devices/Instrumentation
3 Approved without Funding
VNIIEF, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., Sarov
- Scientific Research Radiophysical Institute, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., N. Novgorod\nInstitute of Measuring Systems, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., N. Novgorod
- Ohio State University / Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, USA, OH, Columbus
Project summaryTo detect mines on mined territories various methods are used in terms of the humanitarian mine clearance basing on modern achievements in acoustics, infrared technology, magnetometry, radiolocation, radiometry etc. These methods proved to be good while detecting antitank mines, but they are ineffective for detecting anti-personnel mines as anti-personnel mines have small dimensions, as a rule, they are made in plastic cases and consist of few metallic components. Therefore, well-known technical means anti-reveal personnel mines as well as a large amount of various metallic things.
The method of active-passive radiometry offered for development does not have this disadvantage. Using the radiometric sensor operating in the millimeter wave band, it allows obtaining the radioimage with high spatial resolution for the objects lying in the earth. That makes it possible to identify the objects, to determine the depth of their deposition and orientation. After creating a database for identifying the types of anti-personnel mines (radioimages of the types of mines), it is possible to identify mines, selecting them from false targets as well as to determine a concrete type of the mine, that will allow reducing risks during their clearance.
It should be noticed that the efficiency of the active-passive radiometry method depends on the type and humidity of the soil, vegetative cover and weather conditions. However, in the terms of the humanitarian mine clearance there is the possibility to chose the time period with favorable (optimal) weather conditions. Besides, there is the possibility to use additional means for preliminary treatment of the areas demined.
In order to implement the technology of mine detection in practice using the method offered, the whole hardware and software complex will be placed on the motor chassis.
In whole, it is proposed to implement the hardware and software complex as an operating mock-up of the radiometric system where all necessary laboratory and field (on location) tests will be performed.
The project implementation will give the necessary prerequisites for the further design-theoretical, research, development and technological works on creation of a method and pilot sample of the hardware and software complex for the humanitarian mine clearance of the territories.
The project participants are skilled specialists with the adequate experience in detecting objects by radiometric methods. They took part in development of microwave systems for detecting ballistic missiles of military purpose and means of armament and defense technology on the earth surface, in development of unique radiometric complexes designed for studying the propagation of millimeter band radiowaves in near-surface conditions. They are able to use the methods and devices to make researches under this project, experimental result processing and interpretation techniques, including the appliance of computers. They have experience of works on proving grounds. This instills confidence in successful solution of the tasks specified in the project, corresponding to the ISTC goals to support the researches aimed at the thorough safety assurance for people.
The basis of the project technical part will be the scientific and technical works of the Scientific Radiophysical Institute (NIRFI) on development of active-passive radiometric systems of millimeter wave band.
To perform the enumerated tasks the following data will be used:
- NIRFI developments of microwave radiometric complexes of millimeter wave band;
- radiometric methods of distant researches of underlying covers and atmosphere radiation;
- methods of researches of extended heterogeneous media structure by active-passive radiometry.
During the project implementation the following works are proposed:
- development and production of an active-passive radiometric complex for the frequency of 12 and 29.5 GHz designed for anti-personnel mine detection;
- development of detection installation control system;
- development of measurement data collection and processing system;
- elaboration of methods and software;
- selection of the location, preparation of test sites, selection of typical samples of anti-personnel mines, manufacture of mock-ups, elaboration of pilot and main test programs;
- assemblage and mounting of hardware and software complex on the motor chassis; ground testing of the whole installation;
- collection and efficient processing of the data obtained;
- formation of radioimage database of various anti-personnel mines from different countries-producers for different soils;
- elaboration of proposals on creation of an industrial radiometric mobile system for detection and identification of anti-personnel mines in terms of the humanitarian mine clearance.
The cooperation with the collaborator is proposed.
The project collaborator Prof. Joel Johnson (Ohio State University, USA) is the leading specialist in the problems being the subject of the researches in this project. In this connection, his consultations will be of great importance during the work performance under the project. The following joint activities with the collaborator are supposed: exchange of information on project preparation and implementation progress; joint interpretation of the results of the researches and examination of the equipment developed during the project performance; arrangement of joint meetings; symposia and workshops.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.