Invertebrates in Georgia
Fauna and Ecology of Invertebrate Animals (Insecta, Oligochaeta, Acarina) and Biodiversity Sustainability in Ecosystem, Monitoring on the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline in Georgia
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment
- ENV-SEM/Seismic Monitoring/Environment
3 Approved without Funding
Georgian Academy of Sciences / Institute of Zoology, Georgia, Tbilisi
- University of Massachusetts / Department of Entomology, USA, MA, Amherst\nUniversity of Tennessee / Institute of Agriculture, USA, TN, Knoxville
Project summaryThe main goal of this research proposal is to carry out a complete inventory of invertebrates (Acariformes: Oribatidae; Oligochaeta; Lepidoptera; Hemiptera: Coccoidea, Aphidoidea; Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea; Diptera: Tipulidae, Ceratopogonidae, Psychodidae, Sciomyzidae, Syrphidae, Bibionidae, Elateridae; Coleoptera: Caraboidea) along the transect impacted by the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline (BTC pipline); the monitoring and conservation for sustainable development in ecosystems; the investigation of the effects of the large-scale projects like the pipelines and the human effect on the natural resources on the ecosystems; to assess the status of rare, Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU), Near Threatened (NT), and Least Concern (LC) species.
All over the World, the use of different groups of invertebrate species as bioindicator of anthropogenic pressure on ecosystems is becoming a very important approach and there is an increasing number of published works on the subject (Klausnitzer, 1990; Pozner&Weigmann, 1992; Rzaeva, 2002; Guseinova et al., 2004a,b.; 2005; Rosenberg, Resh, 1992; Saether, 1979; Yakovlev, 2004; Shitikov et al., 2005; Almeida, J.D. & H. Freitas 2005 (in press); Campelo et al. (in revision); Dolbeth et al. 2005a,b.; Ferreira et al. 2005; Patrício et al. (in press); Pereira et al. 2005; Spehn et al. 2005; Tuzlu et al. 2005 etc.). There have been several attempts to study the bioecology of invertebrate animals in territories affected by anthropogenic activities in Georgia (Japoshvili, 1999; 2000; Yasnosh, Japoshvili, 1998; Murvanidze, 1999; 2001; Kvavadze, 1985), however, no similar studies were conducted for large-scale projects such as petrochemical pipelines in this country. The project team includes high qualification professionals in Ecology, Biology and Taxonomy of different groups of invertebrate animals, being authors of more than 400 scientific papers and books (Kvavadze 1970-2004; Yasnosh 1958-2005; Tsiskarishvili 1965-2004, Japoshvili 1996-2005, Murvanidze 1999-2004, Przhiboro 1995-2005 and etc). Also during their scientific works they proved their professionalism in many scientific conferences, projects and meetings.
Under anthropogenic pressure in nature as a result there is big possibility to receive some ecologic disasters such as some harmful and dangerous pests action, which in absence of human activity are under control by other invertebrate animals. Such kind of problems are discussed in many different publications (Japoshvili, 1999; Klausnitser, 1990; Pozner, Weigmann, 1992; Neto, 2004, etc.). The global projects will be cause of mass biological cataclysms and disasters, which needs long term study and observations.
The stella methodology will be used for simulation and evaluating different perturbation scenarios in the system and how much can change the system after missing one particular link. This approach is widely-used and influential at present in many leading countries (Neto, 2004).
The present project will give an opportunity to our "weapon" scientists to use their knowledge for peaceful aims. The project will contribute for the integration of "weapon" scientists to integrate themselves in the international scientific community.
This research proposal includes both fundamental and applied research namely on bioecology, biopersity and systematics, constituting an opportunity to Georgian and Russian scientists to share the international experience, to join the global processes of environmental protection and to contribute for environment sustainability of their own countries.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.