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Radioactive and Fissionable Materials Detection

#0348


Development of Methods and Pilot of Equipment for Use in Systems of Detection of the Presence and Identification of Radioactive and Fissionable Materials.

Tech Area / Field

  • INS-DET/Detection Devices/Instrumentation

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
04.01.1995

Completion date
10.10.1999

Senior Project Manager
Compton J

Leading Institute
MIFI, Russia, Moscow

Supporting institutes

  • NIIIT (Pulse Techniques), Russia, Moscow\nVNIITF, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Snezhinsk\nAll-Russian Research Institute of Automatics, Russia, Moscow

Collaborators

  • European Commission / Joint Research Center / Institute for Transuranium Elements, Germany, Karlsruhe\nCEA / DTA / LETI/CEN Saclay, France, Saclay

Project summary

The proposed project is intended for the development of physical principles, methods and proper hardware and software for remote detection and identification, as well as estimation of dose characteristics of the sources of neutron-gamma radiations of dif-ferent destination, including armament fissionable materials, in order to use said hardware and software in customs, airports and proper facilities and equipment of safety services, as well as in order to check the observance of international treaties,estimation of ecological risk. The design of the equipment developed is based on the detection and analysis of neutron and gamma irradiations inherent to said sources and fissionable materials.

It is proposed to develop and construct a set of equipment including a high-sensitive multilayer neutron detector operating on the basis of gas counters and a gamma-spectrometer operating on the basis of compressed xenon, as well as other detectors of neutron and gamma radiations equipped with proper electronic systems of data capture and realtime data processing with the aim of safe detection and effective identification of the sources of gammaneutron emission.


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