Gas Wind Turbine
RADUGA- Gas-Wind-Turbine Pwer Station
Tech Area / Field
- NNE-MEC/Miscellaneous Energy Conversion/Non-Nuclear Energy
3 Approved without Funding
State Machine Building Design Bureau "Raduga", Russia, Moscow reg., Dubna
- New Technologies Inventing Firm, Russia, Moscow\nAO Kaluga Experimental Bureau of Motor Building, Russia, Kaluga reg., Kaluga
Project summaryThe project objective: Designing and development of experimental gas wind-turbine (GWT).
The wind power potential is not stable enough with time, while the customers need guaranteed power supply. As a result, there is a necessity to use the electric plants and electric power stations with internal combustion engines (Diesel) as a primary power source, the transport vehicle engines are most often converted for the needs of power supply. They have proved to be most reliable, easy to operate and operable in different climatic zones.
However, in today conditions, when increase of thermal efficiency of the autonomous electric power sources is one 'of the main requirements equally with electric diesel plants with rather low efficiency (30%). The fuel for such plants is very expensive, the fuel delivery is very costly due to the transportation expenses 5-10 times increase caused by the difficulty of the region access, all that results in considerable rise in the price of the electric power generated.
To eliminate the defects of the wind turbines and the thermal engies, Raduga State MBDB and CIAM have proposed the gas wind-turbine (GWT) configuration, which is their combination on the level of interengine processes (Conclusion №95 115155/06 of 25 August, 1995 to grant a patent).
Structurally, the GWT is a combined power plant based on the wind power turbine (compressor wind-turbine) and gas-turbine engine (gas-turbine unit). The compressor wind-turbine, using the wind power, compresses the air and passes it to the gas-turbine unit, the power of its gas turbine in this case is used only for actuation of the generator for electric power generation, while nearly 50% of the common gas turbine power is used for actuating the compressor. That significantly improves the efficiency as compared with the traditional thermal engines (70-80% efficiency), power output from the wind turbine swept area is 2-2.5 times higher.
It is also good, that ecological characteristics of the gas wind-turbine are improved as compared to the traditional thermal engines (discharge of harmful agents is 30-50 times lower than that of carburetor and diesel engines).
The progress in the project development is supported by the experience available at Raduga State MBDB due to the development of 1 kW to 1 000 kW wind turbines, and CIAM's and АО KOBM's experience in development of gas turbines. The proposed project can be successfully implemented by the creative personnel used to work on missile development.
The commercial value of the project is determined by the interest to develop the GWT, expressed by some Russian (Gasprom) and foreign companies,
As the result of the project development an experimental GWT with power of more than 32 kW might be developed.
The project implementation allows the reorientation of the high-qualified scientists and engineers, who are experts in developing missile weapon, to civil spheres and solution of important scientific, technical and ecological problems, that will strengthen Russia's scientific and economic potential and promote progress on the way to market economy.
If the project is successful, it is proposed to create a JV with foreign partners for the production of gas wind-turbines. Participation of foreign partners is necessary, first of all, for the development of the automated GWT control system, as they have wide experience in this sphere.
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