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Utilization of Rocket Fuel

#0427


Working out of the Technology of Utilization of High-Toxic Component of Rocket Fuel - 1,1-dimethylhydrazine and Producing of a Number Valuable Products on its Basis.

Tech Area / Field

  • SAT-SAF/Space Safety/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation
  • CHE-SYN/Basic and Synthetic Chemistry/Chemistry

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
17.07.1995

Completion date
10.08.2000

Senior Project Manager
Komarkov D A

Leading Institute
Siberian Branch of RAS / Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russia, Irkutsk reg., Irkutsk

Supporting institutes

  • Scientific Research Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Organo-Element Compounds, Russia, Moscow\nRussian Scientific Center of Applied Chemistry, Russia, St Petersburg

Collaborators

  • Flanagan Research Company, USA, CA, Stanford\nE.S.T., Germany\nSociété Nationale des Poudres et Explosifts, France, Le Bouchet\nSandia National Laboratories, USA, NM, Albuquerque\nUS Department of Defense / Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, USA, DC, Washington\nBUCK Pinnow, Germany, Pinnow

Project summary

Considerable stocks of 1,1-dimethylhydrazine (heptyl), a fuel rocket component, have been accumulated in Russia and SU countries by the present time. It is a highly toxic compound, close to war toxic agents according to its effect on biological objects. In connection with the reduction of the number of rockets and on the expire of guaranteed storage life, 1,1 -dimethylhydrazine has to be utilized or destroyed. This problem has not been solved until now.

The project proposed deals with the development of innovative technological processes for the utilization of 1,1 -dimethylhydrazine and organization of the production of new chemical products and biologically active agents on its basis.

It is known that the main contribution to the toxicity of hydrazine derivatives is made by hydrazine metabolites of nitrosoamine type. In the alkylation of 1,1 -dimethylhydrazine the salts of 1,1-dimethyl-1-organylhydrazine are formed. During this process the positive charge on a nitrogen atom makes the bond between two nitrogens highly labile. In subsequent biochemical transformations this bond is first to be broken without formation of nitrosoamines. In this way, from 1,1-dimethylhydrazine, a highly toxic component of rocket fuel, it will be possible to prepare low toxic chemical compounds and bioactive substances:

1) -1,1 -Trimethylhydrazinium chloride, highly efficient soil fungicide;

2) -3-[l,l-Dimethyl-l-organyl-hydrazinium]-propionates, new cardioprotective and immuno-modulating medicines, effective veterinary products improving digestion and increasing weight gains in food producing animals.

3) -1,1 -Dimethyl-1 -organyl-hydrazinium salts, effective disinfecting agents for use in practical hygiene and veterinary; phase transfer catalysts for a number of chemical processes, metal corrosion inhibitors for use in process water supply,

4) - New efficient anion-exchangers.

Fulfillment of the present project is very essential for the following problems to be solved:

1. Development of methods for the preparation of new chemical and bioactive compounds on the basis of 1,1-dimethylhydrazine.

2. Elaboration of innovative technology and organization of the production of practically valuable products.

3. Considerable reduction of ecological hazard in regions where 1,1-dimethylhydrazine is produced and stored.

Thus, realization of the project proposed will enable reorientation of the personnel, engaged in the creation of rocket fuel, powders and explosives, to the manufacture of peaceful products and facilitate the transfer of defense enterprises to market economy.

Financing of the present project will support to fundamental and applied research as well as to technological development of peaceful orientation, especially in the field of environmental protection.

Potential Role of foreign collaborators:

It is intended to establish contact with foreign companies with a goal of joint patenting, production and marketing of new chemicals, drugs and veterinary products from 1,1 -dimethylhydrazine.


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