Renewable Energy Sources in Kyrgyzstan
Renewable Energy Reserves Research and Use for Energy Safety Assurance of the Customers in Highland Areas of the Kyrgyz Republic
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment
- NNE-EPP/Electric Power Production/Non-Nuclear Energy
- NNE-MEC/Miscellaneous Energy Conversion/Non-Nuclear Energy
- NNE-SOL/Solar Energy/Non-Nuclear Energy
3 Approved without Funding
National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan / Institute of Automatics, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek
- Universitat Kassel, Germany, Kassel
Project summaryThe objective of the project is to monitor and estimate potential renewable energy (solar, wind, biogas, mountain streams) reserves in order to provide sustainable energy supply to the mountainous areas and improve energy security of the Kyrgyz Republic, and to develop the energy map of the Kyrgyz Republic with the indication of renewable energy potential of the highland regions.
Climatic conditions of the Kyrgyz Republic, where more than 90% of the total area are mountains, impact on the business activity and living conditions of the local population. Approximately 150 thousand of potential consumers in the highland areas are in urgent need for continuous energy supply. Rational use of energy and reduction in harmful impact on the environment are the important problems of energy supply in the mountainous regions of the Kyrgyz Republic. Renewable energy could provide a sufficient solution for this problem.
However, the extent of renewable energy use in highland areas is extremely low. This is explained by the fact that the consumers do not have sufficient information on the sources and potential reserves of renewable energy and have no practical methods and experience in their use.
There are different approaches and methods of renewable energy parameters determination that have been formulated and developed in scientific schools of R.B.Bairamov, A.Aliev, V.N.Tarnijevski, and in the works of foreign scientists such as D. Mc-Veig, J. Duffie, J.W.Twidell, W.A. Beckman, A. Weir and others.
Such researches have been conducted in the NREL, Colorado, US; by A.Mebrandt on biomass, R.Thresher, J.Green on wind energy, including estimation of renewable energy potential of Mongolia. Significant contribution make great to the development of renewable energy potential estimation methods (especially wind and solar energy) has been made by German scientists. The works of prof. K.Vajen (Kassel University), M. Uecren, M. Krause, H. Ackermann are of great interest.
Known approaches allow making the estimation of power budget on the global scale in the plain locations, however, their application to the projects in mountainous areas does not appear to be possible.
Based on the previously elaborated approaches and results of fundamental studies carried out by the participants of the project, it is envisaged that new methods of renewable energy budget calculation and estimation will be developed within the framework of this project, which will take into account the specificities of the local highland condition of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The studies of the potential renewable energy reserves conducted in the course of the monitoring process will allow integrated use of alternative energy by the customers. Wide use of renewable energy will promote creation of new jobs in the mountainous regions and reduction in migration from mountainous regions. The development of the energy map will allow establishing the priority and cost efficiency of using one or another source of renewable energy in the Kyrgyz Republic. Renewable energy monitoring will assist to popularize careful treatment of highland mountainous flora and fauna. This will contribute to the preservation of ecological balance and protection of the unique natural objects from negative antropogenous impact. There are real opportunities to implement renewable energy supply in mountainous regions of the Kyrgyz Republic. The industry of the Kyrgyz Republic is capable to set up manufacturing of the renewable energy plant in oblast and raion centers. Integrated renewable energy use will assist to improve family life of mountain dwellers and organize local product processing. Alternative energy supply will contribute to nature protection, reduction in deforestation and preservation of wild life environment. All this will help changing the attitudes of local population with regard to the unique nature of mountainous regions of the Kyrgyz Republic. Wide implementation of renewable energy will promote the recreational capacity of the mountains and mountain tourism in the Kyrgyz Republic.
The use of renewable energy in mountain regions is also an effective way to reduce GHG emission and mitigate negative impact of human activity on the environment. This is fully consistent with the provisions of Kyoto Protocol, CDM and the new UNESCO concept for Central Asian countries concerning the implementation of renewable energy in this region.
The project is based upon the project executors’ long-term experience in the field of renewable energy development and implementation. Renewable and nonconventional energy sources research is conducted in the Institute of Automation of the National Academy of Sciences for more than 20 years. Fundamental and theoretical elaborations in this field allowed solving a number of topical problems related to the development of renewable energy facilities. Scientific publications (more than 200 research works and inventions), inventions and know-how of former 'weapon scientists' and their experience in the field of powering of weapon systems' instruments development allow assuming that there is a capacity for the successful solution of the project tasks.
The proposed project refers to the category of applied research and is aimed at the study of 4 environmentally clean renewable energy sources at the highlands regions of the Kyrgyz Republic.
As a result of the project implementation the renewable energy monitoring will be conducted, which will contribute to the more efficient use of renewable energy plant for complementary energy supply to the consumers in the mountainous regions.
The energy map of the Kyrgyz Republic will be developed with the indication of potential reserves of solar, wind, micro hydro and biomass energy.
Recommendations for the efficient use of the studied renewable energy sources will be developed.
A mobile training and consulting center will be organized for the training of farmers in the technology of biogas production and biogas plants construction.
This project meets all ISTC requirements. Project activity will allow redirecting a group of former weapon scientists towards the solution of the important environmental problems of energy supply to the population of mountain regions. The implementation of the project will provide an opportunity to the scientists and specialists in the Kyrgyz Republic formerly involved in the development of weapon systems to reorient their capabilities towards peaceful activity; will contribute to the conversion processes and involvement of the weapon scientists into the international scientific community.
Implementation of project results will contribute to the preservation of the unique natural systems of mountainous regions through the broader use of renewable energy. Practical application of the project results will assist to reduce negative impact of the population's economic activity on the environment. Project results will also render a positive social effect by improving living conditions of highland customers, creating new jobs, and reducing unemployment, poverty and migration of the population from the highland regions.
The problems related to the implementation of alternative energy sources and preservation of highland ecological systems are transnational rather than local. The evidences are the increasing highland pastures desertification processes and reduction in the valuable species of flora and fauna in mountainous regions of most of the countries.
The project will have a significant commercial potential. Preliminary calculations indicate that the construction of electricity transmission lines to the highland areas is approximately 20-30 times more expensive than the renewable energy installations (e.g., PV systems). Heating with renewable energy is 2-3 times cheaper than with fossil fuel.
In the course of project implementation, the budget will be studied of solar and wind energy and the energy of small streams with water flows of less than 0.5 m3/s that currently are not used, and the reserves of biomass for biogas plants will be estimated. The results of renewable energy study and monitoring will be analyzed, and recommendations on their rational use will be developed. A computerized database of the potential renewable energy resources will be compiled
In the course of the project studies, the information exchange will be maintained between the project executors and collaborators; joint workshops and seminars will be held; and joint recommendations on renewable energy monitoring at highland regions taking into account the ecological, economic and technical requirements. In all stages of the project implementation joint examination and evaluation of monitoring efficiency and of the developed highland renewable energy map will be carried out.
In the process of renewable energy monitoring, research expeditions to the highland regions of the Kyrgyz Republic will be organized. Mathematical, computerized and physical modeling will be used; passive experiment and regression analysis techniques will be applied to the processing of the experiment results in the process of the project implementation.
Hydrometrical methods will be applied for the determination of small stream seasonal parameters in different regions.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.