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Electronuclear Power Facility

#0562


Development of the Physical Substantiations of Electronuclear Power Installation.

Tech Area / Field

  • FIR-REA/Reactor Concept/Fission Reactors

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
08.02.1996

Leading Institute
Institute for High Energy Physics (IHEP), Russia, Moscow reg., Protvino

Supporting institutes

  • VNIITF, Russia, Chelyabinsk reg., Snezhinsk

Project summary

The purpose of this Project is the solution of the safe nuclear power station (NPS) creation problem. A physical principle, on which offered installation is based, is an initiation of chain non-self-maintaining nuclear reaction in the subcritical reactor by neutrons, generated in targets (for example, uranium or lead) irradiated by protons, accelerated up to some hundreds MeV. The development of electronuclear power installation will allows:
• to increase a safety of NPS by completely eliminating the probability of reactive accidents of the Chernobyl type;
to simplify considerably control and protection system (CPS) and repeatedly to increase its reliability, that also increases the NPS safety;
• to use the non-enriched uranium fuel, that reduces fuel making of the power production cost and excludes distribution of an enriched uranium, which can be used in criminal purposes;
• to involve thorium into the fuel cycle. Taking into account thorium huge stocks on the Earth, it will practically decide a power problem for the nearest thousands of years.

Thus, the Project problems are in the full correspondence to the ISTC purposes protection of environment, power production and nuclear reactors safety.

The scientific significance of the Project will be defined by the adequacy of the obtained data for hadron-nucleus interactions in fissile matter (involving uranium, plutonium, thorium), as well as by information on macroparameters, describing interactions of highenergy proton beams with subcritical system. The significant part of obtained data will have the original and fundamental importance and can be used in the solution of a variety of experimental and theoretical physics problems.

Though the main scientific purpose of the Project is development of prerequisites for the safe NPS creation, its commercial importance consists, as mentioned above, in significant reduction of power production costs by using the non-enriched uranium, as well as by involving the thorium in a fuel cycle.

The result of the Project will be the Physical Substantiation of Electronuclear Installation development, which at a following stage of work will provide a basis for designing the Feasibility Report of experimental electronuclear power installation on 200 MWt.

Purpose of the Project is to obtain reasonable ranges of the specified above parameters for the various schemes of electronuclear power installation.

Significance of the Project, from the point of view of alternative employment of the weapons scientists and engineers in the peaceful activity, consists in switching the scientific activity of competent staff from studies in the field of new generations of fissile weapon to close on a theme, but peaceful area of investigations.

Activity connected with Project will concern studies of high-energy hadronic interactions with sub critical systems (involving uranium, plutonium and thorium), basically, calculational and theoretical way and partially experimental one.

Expected Results

As an expected result of the Project the Physical Substantiation of Electronuclear Power Installation will be prepared. It will contain all necessary data for the Feasibility Report of Electronuclear Power Installation on 200 MWt. In particular, in the Physical Substantiation the various schemes of installation will be considered and ranges of basic parameters will be obtained for each one.

The profits from the solution of the problem will be as a whole expressed in conceptual design of electronuclear power station, with the following advantages:


- Considerably higher safety in comparison with existing NPS;
- Lower cost of power production in comparison with existing NPS, due to use of non-enriched uranium and involving a thorium in a fuel cycle.

Potential role of foreign collaborators

Participation of foreign collaborators can be possible.


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