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Space System based on Conversion Missiles

#1385


Design of a Space System LV/SC based on Converted Ballistic Missiles and a Small Universal Space Platform for Solar System Exploration

Tech Area / Field

  • SAT-VEC/Space Vehicles and Support Equipment/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation
  • SAT-UNM/Unmanned Spacecraft/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation
  • SAT-AER/Aeronautics/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
22.11.1998

Leading Institute
Khrunichev State Space Science and Production Center, Russia, Moscow

Supporting institutes

  • Russian Academy of Sciences / Space Research Institute, Russia, Moscow

Collaborators

  • Swedish Space Corporation, Sweden, Solna\nFortune Eight Aerospace Industries, Inc., USA, CO, Niwot\nEuropean Space Agency / European Space and Technology Center, The Netherlands, Noordwijk\nNASA / Goddard Space Flight Center, USA, MD, Greenbelt\nMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA, MA, Cambridge\nJohns Hopkins University / Applied Physics Laboratory, USA, MD, Baltimore

Project summary

The principle goals of the Project comprise:
- development of the new light class launch vehicle capable to put into distant Earth orbit or into interplanetary trajectory small class spacecraft with a mass from 250 kg to 500 kg;
- development of the universal platform, i.e. service module, for the spacecraft of the mentioned above class to be used for interplanetary missions and other tasks of solar system exploration;
- research and development in the framework of the two above stated points in order apply for these tasks new contemporary advanced technology in flight dynamics, control and jet propulsion;
- reaching the cost of interplanetary and Solar system exploration missions which makes them accessible for small laboratories and universities;
- use the national intellectual potential collected in military industry during previous work in the field of ballistic missile development and construction for the purpose of conversion of these missiles for nonmilitary use as launch vehicle for scientific and commercial missions.

Technical approach for meeting the listed above goals is based on the concept of modification of earlier developed by Khrunichev Space Center ballistic missile known as SS-19 to the extent which is to allow to use it for launching interplanetary spacecraft. The last is to be developed on the basis of scientific and technical expertise of Khrunichev Space Center and Institute of Space Research (IKI) of Russian Academy of Sciences. The last achievements in the area of spacecraft systems design, space flights mechanics, propulsion and contemporary computer technology are planned to be applied for the solving of tasks related to the development of these launch vehicle and spacecraft. Among them are multiple gravitational maneuvers, low thrust electric propulsion and methods of flexible autonomous guidance. The principal concept of these approaches is the optimal combination “off shelf” systems and material elements (for example engine and power units, telemetry systems) and the last advances in space technology design methods (such as intellectual sensors, adaptive control systems etc.).

The expected results consist of:


- phase A development of flight class launch vehicle for interplanetary missions;
- developments in its main features the universal platform to be used for interplanetary flights and distant Earth orbits which is to cover the majority of the expected scientific missions;
- opening the doors in space for small laboratories and universities by equipping them by new low cost tool for cosmic research;
- introducing new advanced technologies in space industry which are to allow to decrease sharply the time of the missions preparation and to lower the risk of these missions.

Scientific research institute, private firms, as well as some expert from USA, European Union, Japan, Norway and South Korea are invited to participate in the project as collaborates.

The foreign participants will represent the interests of their institutions in conducting the project, as well as provide for joint discussions and analysis of the project's results.


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