Monitoring of Military Sites in Georgia
Complex Monitoring of the Military Lands in Georgia
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment
- ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Lapidus O V
Georgian Geological Service Center LTD/Group TAO (Testing and Assessment Operations), Georgia, Tbilisi
- BIOMEDINFO, Georgia, Tbilisi
- IABG, Germany, Berlin\nLawrence Livermore National Laboratory, USA, CA, Livermore\nInstitute for Defense Analyses, USA, VA, Alexandria
Project summaryAfter the disintegration of former USSR and spontaneous withdrawal of the armed forces of Soviet Union from Georgia, on its territory, already heavily polluted by the industrial waste and radionuclides, after Chernobyl accident, new problems have emerged. The main question is the pollution of the environment with the radioactive and other, harmful to the living organisms, highly toxic substances, parts of the military equipment and materials, distributed without control on the military bases and close to them.
The main purpose of the project is the complex study of the contaminated territories of Georgia, where the military bases of former SU and later of Russian Federation were located. These are the regions of Tbilisi, Akhaltsikhe, Akhalkalaki, Kakheti, Kartli, Kutaisi, Senaki, Zestaphoni, Khoni, Poti, Batumi. Besides this, along the communication lines, used by the forces of Counter Air Defense of the former SU, the devises are located, which contain radionuclide sources, the part of which were lost later, because of the lack of control.
The increased radiation is an intense mutagen, which causes multilateral hereditary changes in living organisms and in microorganisms as well. The Project implies the comparative study of the microorganisms' biological features in the samples of the soil and water, collected on the radioactivity-contaminated territories. The simultaneous conduct of the microbiological research, with the radiometric analysis of the soil and water, will indicate more precisely the state of the ecosystems of the contaminated territories. The Project, in addition to the radiometric monitoring of the military lands, intends to carry out the medical inspection of the population living in contaminated regions. For this purpose the following tasks are envisaged: Examination of the physiological state of the thyroid gland of the population, testing the oncomarkers in blood, establishing the received dose of the radiation by means of the biodosimetry method, distinguishing the risk groups among the inpiduals, exposed to prolonged impact of the different doses of radiation.
In case of the implementation of the project, the following results are expected to be obtained:
1. The precise evaluation of the extent of radioactive contamination of given territories.
2. Creation of the data base, meeting modern standards, for the assessment of the radioactive contamination of the territories and future use of these data in geoinformatic systems and GIS analysis.
3. Setting up the priorities in the clean-up processes.
4. Recommendations for the future use of these territories.
5. Determination of the ecosystems' adaptive features.
6. Distinguishing the risk groups for oncological and endocrinological disease of the population exposed to excessive doses of radiation for future preventive and medical treatment.
7. Timely determination of the ecosystems' state for the prevention of the regulation break- down and avoidance of the likelihood of irreversible processes.
To find the source of radiation and to determine the exact doses of the radiation of the contaminated place, the method of the net measuring will be used, with the step, not exceeding 20 meters. The dose of radiation will be measured in the knots of this net. The large- scale assessment of the territories, adjacent to the military bases, will be carried out as well. The experiments on genetic marking of the pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms in the samples of the soil and water, collected on the radioactivity-contaminated territories will be carried out, using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and pulse-gel electrophoresis. The iodine contamination in urine will be measured by means of the spectrophotometric method. Antithyroid antibodies and other oncomarkers will be determined in the blood by the immunoenzyme spectral analysis. (ELISA). The retrospective establishment of the dose of radiation, received by the population, will be performed by means of the biological dosimetry method, based on the revealing of the cytogenetical markers of the radiation impact.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.