Diagnostic Complex for Heavy Ion Beam
The Diagnostic Complex Development for Fundamental Characteristics Researches of Heavy Ion Beams Interaction with Matter
Tech Area / Field
- INS-MEA/Measuring Instruments/Instrumentation
- INS-DET/Detection Devices/Instrumentation
- PHY-PFA/Particles, Fields and Accelerator Physics/Physics
3 Approved without Funding
NIIIT (Pulse Techniques), Russia, Moscow
- ITEF (ITEP), Russia, Moscow\nVNIIEF, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., Sarov
- Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, Tokyo\nUniversity of Nevada / Nevada Terawatt Facility, USA, NV, Reno\nGSI, Germany, Darmstadt
Project summaryProject objective.
According to the project it is supposed to develop diagnostic complex and to carry out measurements of radiation characteristics arising at researches of fundamental properties of a matter with the use of heavy ion beams.
Data, received by the experts of Russia, USA, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, specify that the use of heavy ion fusion can appear perspective for decision of the thermonuclear power problem. The main advantage is that reliable, stablly working at high frequency accelerators of high efficiency are used as power drivers. Widescaled experimental researches of properties of high-temperature dense plasma generated by intensive ion beams are necessary for substantiation and realization of this direction. To perform these researches, projects of powerful heavy ion accelerators: (ТВН - ITEP (Russia), SIS-100 (Germany), ion accelerator of intermediate weights in Bercly (USA), etc) are developed and realized in different laboratories all over the world. The beam energy of these accelerators amounts 100 kJ of scale at pulse duration 10-100 ns, that will allow to start researches on heavy ion interaction with matter at energy deposition level up to 10 TWt /G. Ion beam interacts with a target, generating plasma at temperature up to several tens eV and density up to 50 G/sm3. The realization of conditions, necessary to generate thermonuclear reactions, is possible if special targets are irradiated.
The offered project is directed on diagnostic maintenance of experimental scientific researches on heavy ion beam interaction with matter. The testing of diagnostic complex and its units is supposed to be carried out at powerful installations of VNIIEF( “Iskra-5”), ITEP, GSJ (Darmstadt, Germany) and others.
With this aim modernization and application of methods and means of diagnostics of various radiation in specific experimental conditions (heavy ion beam experiments) is to be carried out in this project. Such experiments are characterised by high-power output parameters and small duration of radiation, presence of a large number of interfering factors and a complex noise situation, including electromagnetic noise and powerful radiating fields.
The diagnostic complex, to be developed while working at the project, will contain a set of modern measurement methods, X-ray, visible and neutron radiation detectors, electron - optic and analogue-digital recorders, charge couple devices (CCD), codes for the tax, analysis and processing of measured results.
With the help of these means and methods a wide spectrum of researches, including measurements at heavy ion beam braking, when passing through plasma, plasma parameters control, etc could be supplied with diagnostics.
The necessity and importance of such researches was reasoned in the project participants message at the conference in San Diego in 2000.
According to the project NIIIT is to develop diagnostic complex units and measurement system as a whole and jointly with VNIIEF to carry out testing of developed units at “Iskra-5” and other installations, will participate in experiments at installations ( of ITEP and others).
ITEP jointly with NIIIT is to develop the requirements to the measurement complex units, will participate in their characteristics definition and is to provide testing of a complex on heavy ion beam facilities.
VNIIEF is to carry out theoretical modelling of experiments at installations of ITEP and VNIIEF, to formulate the requirements to diagnostics, to provide testing of the diagnostic complex units at ISKRA-5 installation.
Engaged in this conversion project the scientists from enterprises of the atomic branch of the RF will continue working in close contacts with the colleagues from Germany, USA, Japan and France etc.,contributing to decision of a problem of evident scientific interest.
As a result the basic ICTS goal will also be achieved: the "weapon" scientists and engineers will be engaged in conversion works.
Expected results and their applications.
If the project is realized, new more high level of diagnostics of radiation arising at heavy ion beam researches of matter properties will be provided. The modern NIIIT developments will be applied to maintain this level. Among them are semi-conductive detectors made of modern materials (diamonds, GaAs), of nanosecond time resolution, able to register neutrons and soft x-ray radiation of almost any energy range, multiframe x-ray electron-optical recorders (10 frames by duration of 100 picoseconds each) of x-ray energy range from 0,1 keV, CCD (linear and matrix) etc..
The similar measurement complex can be successfully applied further to maintain a wide spectrum of researches (laser processes of nanosecond or less duration, , for example)
While working at the project the modern methods and means of radiation diagnostics will be applied, a number of which is not presented in market.
Manufacturing of highly technological measuring devices with the characteristics of a world level in NIIIT and other institutes pilot production, the experimental acknowledgement of these characteristics at powerful installations will give wide opportunities in the equipment market to offer devices to be used at fundamental researches in any fast processes experiments.
Meeting ISTC Goals and Objectives
The Project completely corresponds to the ISTC goals:
- it is expected to develop modern diagnostic methods, which improve noise-protection (see Supporting Information),to be successfully used in different areas of fundamental researches;
-Russian scientists and engineers, engaged in weapon development, are given an opportunity to redirect their talents to peaceful activities;
- the results of this project have a commercial potential and promote transition to market economy;
- scientific results, presented in the open publications and reported at the international
conferences will encourage the Russian “weapon” scientists and engineers to be involved into the international scientific community.
It is supposed to attract the employees of Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung mbH (GSI), Darmstadt, Germany and Tokyo Institute of Technology(TIT), Japan as the collaborators of the project. These research centers are highly experienced in carrying out of fundamental researches, where radiation diagnostics measuring means of high energy density in matter experiments are used. The organizations confirms interest in this project and readiness to take part in its realization through discussions of questions of diagnostics, list and structure of diagnostic tasks, and also in realization of radiation characteristics measurements with the use of developed complex at powerful installations of ITEP, GSI and TIT.
The given work can also be interesting for the employees of organizations :
- Forschungzentrum, Karlsruhe, Germany;
- Sandia National Laboratories , Albuquerque, USA;
- Institute of Nuclear Physics Orsay, France;
- Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Japan.
Technical Approach and Methodology.
It is expected to use modern set of means and methods of measurements of X-ray, visible and neutron radiation basic characteristics, occurring in high-temperature plasma experiments when either heavy ions beams or lasers are used. These are the measurements of quantum flux and quantum flux density, pulse duration, radiation spatial structure.
The experience of NIIIT and other participating institutions allows to be sure in such high level of development. This fact can be confirmed by the long-term experience of the NIIIT devices used in physical measurements in many Russian institutes and by the participation of NIIIT experts in the complex physical experiments.
The information on NIIIT level of development was reported at many international conferences and symposiums and is presented in a final part of the project (Supporting Information). It is necessary to note NIIIT opportunities in measurements at various noises background, in presence of noise-protection measurement methods and means (differential methods, channels and detectors, fibre optical channels of registration).
The scientists – participants of the project from ITEP and VNIIEF, have been working at the theoretical motivation and conducting of the complex experiments at different installations for a long time. This is calculating and experimental modelling of high energy density in matter, carrying out of complex experiments, obtaining of results in case of disturbing emissions and various noises.
The participants of the proposed project from three institutes took part and did reports in many Russian and international conferences and symposiums on project subject.
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ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.