Concept of Nuclear Submarines Utilization
The Conception of the Russian Nuclear Powered Submarines Inactivation and Recycling at the State Center of Nuclear Shipbuilding Industry (GRTsAS) Plants
Tech Area / Field
- FIR-NSS/Nuclear Safety and Safeguarding/Fission Reactors
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Tocheny L V
NPO Zvezdochka, Russia, Arkhangelsk reg., Severodvinsk
- TsKB for Naval Equipment RUBIN, Russia, St Petersburg\nFederal State Unitary Enterprise Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering named after N.A.Dollezhal, Russia, Moscow\nKurchatov Research Center, Russia, Moscow\nNPO Energia, Russia, Moscow reg., Korolev\nKola Science Center / Geological Institute, Russia, Murmansk reg., Apatity\nIGEM (Geology & Mineralogy), Russia, Moscow\nKrylov Central Research Institute, Russia, St Petersburg
- B&W Nuclear Environmental Services, Inc., USA, VA, Lynchburg\nNUKEM Nuclear GmbH, Germany, Alzenau\nTechnicatome, France, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex\nKvaerner Maritime, Norway, Lysaker
Project summaryObjective of the Project
The main objective of the Project is to execute the comprehensive research works in order to determine the optimal ways of the NPSs recycling, final disposal of the reactor compartments, treatment of the radioactive waste and retraining of the weapons scientists and engineers engaged in NPSs construction and repair.
In Russia there are more than 150 nuclear powered submarines inactivated at the end of their useful lifetime. Now they are waiting for recycling.
At present time there are no capabilities for the nuclear powered ships recycling at the Russian Shipbuilding Plants. Every year more and more nuclear-powered submarines are decommissioned but the industry never gets time to recycle the previously retired ships.
Being in floating storage undefueled submarines are waiting for recycling for a long time. The submarines' outer hulls and safety systems often have damages. These damages can lead to the various nuclear accidents with the destructive environmental effects.
Main Purposes of the Project:
- The completion of the main trends and principles of the NPSs inactivation and recycling (Conception), developed in 1985, taking into account the changes of the political and financial situation in Russia and in the world, the experience of the NPSs recycling at the GRTsAS's Plants, the changes of the environmental and radioactive waste handling legislation, the free aid of the foreign countries under the Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program;
- The retraining of the weapons scientists and engineers;
- The practical training of the weapons scientists and engineers at the Plants in Germany, France, USA, etc. and the knowledge of the advanced processes and techniques;
- The analysis of the possible environmental effect of the NPSs inactivation and recycling;
- The analysis of the safety methods of the handling, transportation, temporary storage, breaking - up, and final disposal of the reactor compartments;
- The development of the Technical Documentation and Standards of the NPSs recycling in the strength of the performed studies.
The efficient execution of the main Project tasks will allow:
- to familiarize the weapons scientists and engineers with the advanced research and technologies in the area of the environmental protection, monitoring, military equipment recycling and conversion;
- to determine the optimal ways of the environmental protection during the military equipment recycling;
- to develop the Technical Documentation and Standards allowing to carry out the Program of the NPSs recycling under the conditions of the limited state financing.
Technical Approach and Methodology
To solve the main problems of the Project the following methods are to be used:
- the analysis of the NPSs recycling program realization under the conditions of the limited state financing.
This problem will be solved on the basis of the actual data collected during the experimental NPS inactivation and recycling and the development of the optimal technical and organized decisions.
- the analysis of the possible NPS recycling works environmental effect.
This problem will be solved on the basis of the generalization of the experience accumulated by Russian and Foreign scientists and the development of the recommendations in environmental effect minimization.
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