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Solar Tracking Power Station

#A-1254


Development of Solar Tracking Power Station Prototype

Tech Area / Field

  • NNE-SOL/Solar Energy/Non-Nuclear Energy

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
14.03.2005

Leading Institute
Radiophysics Research Institute, Armenia, Yerevan

Collaborators

  • SVV Technology Innovations, Inc., USA, CA, West Sacramento\nUniversität Rostock / Fakultat fuer Informatik und Elektrotechnik / Institut fuer Allgemeine Elektrotechnik, Germany, Rostock\nTechnology Scientific Ltd., Canada, AB, Calgary\nVolumion Energy Powersystems, France, Mundolsheim\nInternational Solar Energy Society, Germany, Freiburg

Project summary

One of the actual problems in the field of energy development is the creation of new devices generating electric energy from alternative renewable sources of energy, in particular, from solar energy. It is obvious that the countries possessing alternative technologies will be able to provide their energetic independence and national safety of their communications in case of their interruptions or destructions.

The main goal of the proposed research & development Project is to develop and manufacture an acting prototype of ecologically clean Solar Tracking Power Station (STPS).

It will operate on the base of a cylindrical-parabolic rotary concentrator in the focal zone of which there will be a thermoelectric (I type) and thermophotovoltaic (II type) generators.

The STPS is designed for inpidual users at home, office, farm and so on. Output electric power of the SPMS prototype will be 1 kW.

At present the largest volume of scientific researches in the field of solar energy falls at the development of photovoltaic (PV) modules where significant success is achieved. However their wide use in everyday life is restrained not only by high cost of semiconductor materials, but by the high cost of accompanying installation works on the building roofs, too (per se, by additional capital investments), which makes half of the “solar roof” total expenses.

The advantages of this project, compared to other types of Solar Power Stations, are the following:

  • Short time for unfolding and preparation to work;
  • Absence of expenses and need in installation works, mobility;
  • Usage of a satellite global positioning system (GPS) to raise accuracy of Sun tracking;
  • Lower prime cost of STPS manufacture – less than $ 2000 per 1 kW of nominal power;
  • Increase of daily generated energy amount for 30% in comparison with non-tracking systems.

Technical approaches and methodology which will be used in the Project include theory and techniques of mirror concentrators calculation, thermodynamics and physics of thermoelectric and thermophotovoltaic materials. There will be used methods of engineering calculation of constructions and mechanisms, electronic circuits calculation, computer simulation and programming. We have to fulfill many thermal-physical studies and measurements.

The Project team has high competence in the area of development, manufacture and test of high-precision mirror antennas and optical telescopes, in the field of construction of rotary-support devices, automatic systems of pointing and tracking targets, in the field of software development. The Institute possesses production equipment, premises and measuring stands necessary for implementation of the Project.

The major scientific-technical volume of the STPS Project works will consist of research and development of a parabolic-cylindrical solar concentrator and a new type of thermoelectric and thermophotovoltaic generators which generates electric energy due to thermal conversion of the concentrated thermal solar energy as well as to the high-precision system of solar tracking.

The Project results may have good commercialization prospects. The works under the Project proposed will result in the creation of an acting Prototype of 1 kW Solar Power Station with the possibility of modular power multiplying. The Station may have a big demand in the countries with high level of Solar radiation. Having appropriate support, serial production of SPMS can be organized allowing participation of the Institute and other organizations.

An important sense is given to the role of Foreign Collaborator within the frames of joint consideration of technical reports, scientific consulting and publications as well as in further partnership. This will promote conversion processes of transition to the market economy. It should also be noted the actuality of such development for the region where it will be carried out: both from the point of view of the region rich with sun but having no its own energy sources, and with account for the coming shutdown of the Armenian Atomic Power Station that will lead to the scaled increase of energy carriers import.

The goals of the Project on the whole fully address to ISTC objectives both in relation to obtaining new scientific-technical results and international cooperation of scientists from countries - ISTC Parties and to further practical application of the results obtained.


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The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.

 

ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

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