Testing Materials for Application in Space
Simulating Space Conditions and Their Effect of Materials and Devices Intended for Application in Space
Tech Area / Field
- SAT-OTH/Other/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Ryzhova T B
A.I. Alikhanyan National Science Laboratory, Armenia, Yerevan
- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA, WA, Richland\nSchool of Pharmacy and Chemistry, Liverpool John Moors University, UK, Liverpool\nUniversity of California, USA, CA, Irvine\nSpacecraft Engineering, Space Technologies Branch, Canadian Space Agency, Canada, QC, Longueuil\nA. U. G. Signals LTD, Canada, ON, Toronto\nNational Technical University of Athens / Laboratory of Microwave and Fiber Optics, Greece, Athens
In this project it is proposed to develop and construct a Cosmic Space Simulator Installation and to investigate the influence of Space Factors on the properties of semiconductors (currently one of the most widely applied materials in the Space technology), High Temperature Superconductors (HTS), which are new, but proved to be very promising in Space applications and other materials and devices which are interesting for partner participants. Natural Zeolites will be studied as well in order to make radiation modification of the zeolite cage to obtain new sorption or catalytic properties without changing of zeolite stechiometry. Radiation properties of mentioned materials will be studied in air without Vacuum Simulating Chamber (VSC) and in VSC after its construction.
It is further proposed to create a model of a mini-greenhouse for cultivation of some crops in a space ship by zeoponics technique using pretreated Armenian natural zeolites as a substrate.
Stages of the Project
1. Construction of the vacuum chamber for simulating the factors of near Earth Space environment.
The installation for imitation of space environment on the distance of 30-50 thousand km (I radiation belt of the Earth) will be constructed using developed drawings and will have the following parameters:
- Chamber Volume -- 1,2 м3 ;
- Solar ultra-violet radiation;
- Electron beam with energy up to 10 МeV;
- Vacuum 10-6 - 10-7 tоrr;
- Temperature 80-100 K;
- Ability to rotate objects with the weight of up to 50 kg .
Thus, this will allow accelerated testing of materials and products intended for Space applications as well as development of appropriate recommendations for their applications.
2. Study of material properties exposed to various doses and intensities of electron irradiation with measurement of electro-physical and optical parameters taking into account post radiation annealing and “aging”.
The following is present for the Project fulfillment:
- laboratory area - 200м2;
- qualified scientific and technical staff;
- installations for electro-physical and optical measurements;
- electron linear accelerator with 2-10 МeV energy;
- drawings of installation for modeling space factors.
Short Information on Previous experience of the Project participants
The core team of project participants are highly qualified specialists (4 doctors of physics, 7 PhD) having rich experience (more than 30 years) in investigations of radiation effects in different materials and devices (semiconductors, ion-crystals, high temperature superconductors, metallic and varnish coverings) design and construction of space equipment and its electronic - mechanical blocks for observation and orientation.
Some of Project participants were leading specialists in former Soviet Union Defense Ministry Special Construction department and are winners of State Prize in field of Space technology. Their unique and innovative results were recognized as a significant contribution to the Soviet Space Technology and science.
In addition to scientific studies the staff participated in the following applied projects for orbital astrophysical observatories: ORION, ASTRON (stations SALUTE and SOYUZ-13), GLAZAR (the module QUANTUM of orbital station MIR) and GLAZAR-2 (the module CRYSTAL of station MIR):
- Development of operational documentation and participation in training of astronauts for works with a space observatory.
- Participation in ground improvement of an observatory on the factory - manufacturer and polygons in the flight control centresof situated near Moscow and in Evpatoria.
- During the period from 1991 to 2002 carried out design study of perspective astrophysical observatories CHROMOS, VESTAL, GARNI.
- Since 2001 the staff has been working on the creation of the software for processing and the analysis of data from astrophysical experiments BOOMERANG (high-altitude balloon experiment - NASA and Italy, start - 1998 and 2002) and the satellite (WMAP - Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe - NASA, started in 2001), aimed at studying of relict space radiation.
- Precise calibration of spectral sensitivity of the optical astrophysical system by synchrotron radiation was performed.
- Calculation and experimental study of radiation stability of electronic blocks and Space equipment system were carried out and recommendations were developed which allowed their successful long time operation.
- A new radiation modified natural zeolite- clinoptilolite was developed having enhanced sorption property which is assumed for application as a growing media in a space mini green-hose and processing of bye – products from space orbital stations.
Project Manager, Doctor of Physics, Professor, has more than 35 years expertise on radiation effects in solids and devices, co-author about 165 scientific articles, experienced in famous scientific centers in Former Soviet Union (Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev), US (Brookhaven, SLAC), Europe (DESY, ESRF, BESSY). At present he is head of Solid State Radiation Physics Laboratory of Yerevan Physics Institute..
The original results obtained by the Project participants are published in scientific journals and reports in International Conferences, about 200 articles and 25 Certificates of authorship. Some of them are as follows:
- H.Yeritsyan, A.Sahakyan, S.Nikoghosyan et all. Dielectric properties and Specific conductivity of Armenian natural clinoptilolite irradiated by electrons. Central European Journal of Physics, CEJP 3(4) 2005, 1-14.
- H.Yeritsyan, V.Harutunyan et all. The effect of electron irradiation on the optical properties of the natural Armenian zeolite-clinoptilolite. Central European Journal of Physics, CEJP 3(4) 2005, 15-29.
- Tovmassian H.M., Hovhannessian R.K., Epremian R.A., Huguenin D., Khodjayants, Y.M., Krmoyan M.N., Kashin A.L., Alexandrov A.P., Romanenko Y.V.. Ultraviolet observations in Puppis with the Space Telescope 'Glazar', 1992.Ap&SS.188..217T - Astrophys. Space Sci., 188, 217-231 (1992)
- Gurzadyan, V.G., Kashin, A.L., Study of CMB maps: an adaptive software MAP08, in Proc. IX Marcel Grossman Meeting, Part C, World Scientific, 2003
- Gurzadyan, V.G., Ade, P.A.R., de Bernardis, P., Bianco, C.L., Bock, J.J., Boscaleri, A., Crill, B.P., de Troia, G., Ganga, K., Giacometti, M., Hivon, E., Hristov, V.V., Kashin, A.L., Lange, A.E., Masi, S., Mauskopf, P.D., Montroy, T., Natoli, P., Netterfield, C.B., Pascale, E., Piacentini, F., Polenta, G., Ruhl, J.; Ellipticity analysis of the BOOMERanG CMB maps, Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2002.
- Tovmassian H.M., Khodzhayans Y. M., Krmoyan M.N., Isajanyan R.V., Zakharyan, A.Z.,Gasparian O.N., Huguenin D., Glazar-2: A wide-field camera abroad the “MIR” space station, Astronomy from wide-field imaging, 1994.
- Krmoyan M.N. and Gurzadyan G.A., “The device for tracking luminous dot object”, inv.sert., USSR, №248264, 1969.
- Krmoyan M.N., Zakharjan A.Z., Gasparyan O.N., Egiazaryan G.G., «Space telescope with double-coordinate system of stabilization », ser.inv., USSR., №1256510, 1986.
- USSR certificate of authorship № 1679466, ”The guidance system for space telescope”1991, A..Zakharyan et al.
- Tovmassian H.M., Khodjayants Yu.M., Krmoyan M.N., Kashin A.L., Zakharian A.Z.et all. 1988 Glazar- UV orbital telescope. Pisma v Astron.Zh. 14, 291.(Sov.Astron.Lett. 14,291)
- Tovmassian H.M., H. Lorenz, A. Pribe, G.-M. Richter, K.-H. Schmidt, Khodjayants Yu.M., Krmoyan M.N., Kashin A.L., Zakharian A.Z. ASCHOT- Astrophysical Schmidt Orbital Telescope. Astronomishe Nachrichten. V 312, # 5, 1991.
Regarding the commercialization, it is worth to mention, that in addition to innovation and original approach including the complex influence of extreme factors on the properties of materials and devices, the Project differs from those in Western countries 10 times of cheapness, in particular, the test cost after creation of vacuum chamber.
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