Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories
Natural and Resource Potential and Risk Reduction for Ensuring Safety of Sustainable Ecology-Economic Development of the Mountain Territories
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-APC/Air Pollution and Control/Environment
- ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
- ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment
- ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment
3 Approved without Funding
Nongovernmental Association of Scientists and Engineers "Sustainable Nature Use", Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek
- Center for Problems of Use of Renewable Energy Sources, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek\nState Natural National Park "Chon-Kemin", Kyrgyzstan, Tort-Kul
- University of Reading / The Center for Euro-Asian Studies, UK, Reading
Project summaryReducing the risk to ensure the safety for sustainable economy-ecological development and living conditions for people of mountain territories in the Kyrgyz Republic by engaging to the conversion programs former weapon scientists and engineers is a main goal of the Project.
State of affairs. The increased anthropogenic stress on the environment strengthens a crisis condition of nature.
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, in 1992 made an impressive effort in the global arena to highlight the mountains and declared a course to sustainable development of the Earth in XXI century. Summarizing conclusions over a decade after RIO, in Johannesburg in 2002 has shown, that there is no alternative to a sustainable development.
UN Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) has developed a technology for testing and adapting international indicators of sustainable development.
Kyrgyz scientists from the Non-governmental Association “Sustainable Nature Management” participated within the UNDP and UN CSD project for testing and adapting international indicators of sustainable development (30 indicators on water- and land-management in Central Asia were tested and 5 of them were adapted).
The obtained experience allows adapting the selected indicators to a separate region by introducing ecologically clean technologies and conducting monitoring of the environment according to UN CSD indicators, using as a pilot territory a mountain anthropogenic closed eco-system – Chon-Kemin.
In the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change measures were ordered for mitigating the consequences of climate change by switching over to ecologically clean renewable sources of energy. Now with assistance of scientists of NDA “Sustainable Nature Management” in Kyrgyzstan is prepared and published the ”First National announcement on climate change” in response to obligations before UN Framework Convention where were offered measures for rising energy effectiveness by application new ecologically clean technologies, reducing “greenhouse gases”, which make such an application economically and socially profitable.
Because of a threat of global warming there is a need in replacement of thermo-power-stations, polluting and overheating the atmosphere, to more ecologically safe hydro-electro-stations – small and micro electric stations, and using solar energy facilities, thermal pumps, bio-gas-generators, which complex installation can be realized in inhabited points and forestry locations of the State Natural National park Chon-Kemin.
Kyrgyz scientists and engineers from the Center of the Problems and Renewable Energy Application take active part in development and introducing solar collectors, bio-gas-generators, micro-electric-stations and wind-energy facilities into operation. They are experienced in design, mounting and maintenance of solar systems, wind-electric and biogas facilities as well as micro-hydro-electric-stations for home electric supply. The Center has developed a mechanism promoting mass use of renewable energy sources for development of market relations.
Raising a population consciousness and awareness that natural and recreation resources are limited and are a foundation for sustainable development and poverty reduction in the Republic, is of a special concern.
In this connection it is necessary to change through ecological educational programs, mass media and reviving secular national traditions a peoples’ behaviour, concerning a careful attitude to the nature.
For this purpose the scientists and engineers obtain a fair experience, equipment and methods of world-outlook being shaped from ideology “Reaction and amendment” to ideology “Forecasting and preventing” during implementation of a Regional project GEF MFSA “Environment and water resources management in the Aral Sea basin” with publishing a book on outcomes of the work.
According to outcomes of the researches conducted by scientists and engineers engaged in the project implementation 10 books were published, many articles and proposals were issued in scientific journals; there are also the patents for the inventions and the licenses for realization of activity on introducing ecologically clean sources of energy.
The engaged scientists regularly appear in mass media, participate in round-table disputes, seminars and workshops as well as carry out research and educational work among students and post-graduates.
Scope of activity. The Project goals include the following basic tasks:
1. Elaboration of technology for testing and adapting the international indicators of sustainable development offered by UN CSD on an example of mountain-anthropogenic zone Chon-Kemin in Kyrgyz Republic.
2. Creation of a demonstration zone for installation and introducing technologies conserving the resources, ecologically clean and safe for livelihood of the population.
3. Creation of an educational-demonstration center, conducting educational programs for study and trial of new technologies and economy and careful attitude to the environment resources.
Expected Results and their Application:
- Creation of a present-day infrastructure for rural inhabited locations with additional workplaces on the basis of local raw materials, increased reliability and sustainability of energy- and thermo-supply;
- Reduction of “greenhouse gases” (carbon oxide and methane) ejection by introducing non-traditional renewable energy resources;
- Rural population poverty reduction by creating conditions for development of a small-scale and medium business, using biogas, solar, wind-energy facilities and micro-hydro-electric stations;
- Preservation of vegetable and animal bio-persity, development of eco-tourism by strengthening a potential of sustainable development and an expansion of cooperation between institutions;
- Rise of a level of consciousness of the population and their economical and careful attitude to nature.
Since the Kyrgyz Republic has enough natural-resource potential, a creation of a demonstrative zone in a separate mountain place with a complex assessment of a natural-resource potential and development of measures, raising effectiveness of their use, and preservation in this exceptional zone of ecological balance, will allow share positive outcomes with other territories of the Republic. In this connection recommendations for the Kyrgyz Government on introducing the technologies of assessment of ecology-anthropogenic systems’ sustainable development into practice, will be worked out.
Meeting ISTC Goals and Objectives. Supporting fundamental and applied researches and development technologies friendly for peace in area of the environment protection, producing energy with help of renewable, non-traditional energy sources, biogas facilities by engaging to the conversion programs former weapon scientists and engineers.
Role of Foreign Collaborators. Sharing the information, ensuring the comments to technical reports, discussing problems during the joint seminars and trainings with local population, sharing outcomes of executed operations, conducting joint testing and trial of the equipment.
Technical Approach and Methodology. Methodology of a system approach of a program-target method for defining main goals, sub-goals, objectives and development of ecology-economic model and actions program, creation of a demonstration zone of new ecologically clean technologies, trials and their sharing, educational programs and social polling will be used.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.