Cholera’s Examination and Prevention in Tajikistan
Epidemiological Surveillance, Laboratory Examination and Measures on Cholera’s Entry and Spread Prevention in the Territory of the Republic of Tajikistan
Tech Area / Field
- BIO-SFS/Biosafety and BioSecurity/Biotechnology
3 Approved without Funding
Republican Center for Quarantine Infections' Prevention of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan, Tajikistan, Dushanbe
- University of Texas / Medical Branch, USA, TX, Galveston
Project summaryDuring the 7th pandemic period in 1970 cholera cases were registered in Shaartuz and Rudaki districts, Dushanbe and Khujand cities. Four people were infected and six vibriocarriers were detected in Shaartuz district. Fifteen people were infected in Rudaki district, three vibriocarriers were detected in Dushanbe city and inpidual vibriocarrier cases occurred in Khujand city. In 1993 cholera’s epidemiologic situation sharply aggravated in the Republic of Tajikistan. The main reasons of this situation were political and economical instability, the weakening of medical and sanitary measures, as well as the migratory process, which became intensive among different population groups. In 1993 the cholera infectious cases were detected in 10 districts of Tajikistan, including 7 districts in Khatlon region, and in number of Republican subordination districts (Rudaki settlement and Hisor district). Altogether, 175 infected people and 118 vibriocarrier cases were registered. Insufficient supply of population by the high quality water, unsatisfactory condition of centralized, household drinkable water supply of cultural-domestic water usage in territories where cholera’s vibrios are isolated from water of reservoirs, adduce potential danger to peoples’ infection. The cholera’s outbreak locations and the high sickness rate of diarrheic infections are periodically detected on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan. Because, there is not accurate, proper system of cholera diagnosis and there is not timely identification of this disease in the Republic of Tajikistan, it will be able to become “delayed-action bomb”. Activation of intercontinental and interstate migration of population, expansion of interstate exchange of food products heighten risk of dissemination of inflectional diseases between countries, which causes necessity of strengthening the epidemic control and study of cholera risk reduction of cholera diseases and AID (acute intestinal disease) and prohibiting of epidemics by conducting of timely antiepidemic measures on the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan.
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