Ecological Settlement in the Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserve
Ecological Settlement in the Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserve
Tech Area / Field
- NNE-HCS/Heating and Cooling Systems/Non-Nuclear Energy
3 Approved without Funding
Kyrgyz-Russian Slavonic University, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek
- European Biomass Industry Association, Belgium, Brussels\nCologne University of Applied Sciences, Germany, Gummersbach\nETA - Renewable Energies, Italy, Florence\nSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden, Uppsala
Project summaryCreate a model of self-supported model settlement in the Issyk-Kul Biosphere Reserve under UNESCO aegis with the maximal use of local resources. The project is aimed at complex approach to problem solving regarding the use of local resources to generate heat, energy from alternative sources (biogas plants, sun thermal panels, PVC, heat pumps and others), to process waste water and produce ecologically clean food. The results of available research and analysis allow defining optimal forms of sustainable development for the three types of infrastructure – municipal, rural and tourism.
- Develop new mechanisms to generate heat from the sun energy, soil, water and organic wastes;
- Develop new mechanisms to generate electricity from the sun energy, organic wastes and other sources;
- Use of innovation technologies for waste water processing and generating gas as by-product, organic fertilizers and recycled water for technical use;
- Facilitate demonstration-manufacturing site within the project territory;
- Manufacture home-made small-batch ecologically clean products (fruit jams, dry fruits, herbs, others);
- Integration of the obtained results into existing and perspective development programs for one of the world-largest biosphere reserves.
The Project site is the strip of land from the coastline till the foothills with vertical climatic zoning, approximate size is 1.0 km х 3.0 km with the height gradient up to 220 meters. The project site includes the protected coastline, recreation zone (tourism infrastructure); residential area (microrayon), high school, power house water treatment facilities (as municipal infrastructure); residential area of rural type. The project site also includes mountain stream, cultivated fields, orchards and pastures. The project site is the place of compact development in the recreational center of Cholpon-Ata town which will later serve as a demonstration ground for innovation technologies for sustainable development.
Equipment and hardware. Under the climatic and geographic conditions of Issyk-Kul it is expedient to use decentralized sources of energy and heat. The available estimates and forecasts for heat and energy use in the region, water treatment and proposed use of technologies indicate the need to employ sun thermal equipment for hot water supply, PVC panels for electricity, heat pumps for heating and cooling, biogas plants for waste water treatment and production of gas methane, organic fertilizer, sun “stoves” for cooking and compact equipment for safe food production.
Research and analysis. The results of the recently available studies so as the tendencies for heat and energy consumption and the state-of-the-art of the energy sector allow to concluding the following:
- The share of renewable sources of energy in the country does not exceed 0.17%
- Existing distribution power grid is outdated and worn out and are used at their upper limits;
- The continued linear growth of power consumers will result in the negative energy balance in the region in the short perspective;
- Such a situation leads to the accelerated desertification, and locally may result in social unrest;
- The existing fuel and energy alternative is not employed.
Project participant competency. The project members are experienced in designing of local systems of waste water treatment, heat and energy supply and this is supported by the available publications and presentations in international conferences. Some of the details are available on the websites, for example http://fluid-biogas.com. The other organizations in the project have own methodologies tested in similar projects.
Expected results and their application. As a result of project implementation a first real step will be made to forming harmonic strata for humans and natural resources protection and this, in turn, will demonstrate the economic benefit if environmentally safe technologies are employed. Besides, it will also demonstrate the need to reviewing the outdated approach to the so-called sectoral development which is primarily based on the monetary calculations and extrapolations. The successful project will also help to gradually change the system of energy and heat supply in the project site where the infrastructure of the three types is located. In the rural types settlement will most likely be installed simple and effective technologies for local energy, hot water supply and production of safe food. This will help proving the way to reduce rural unemployment for the infrastructures of rural and municipal types, and to support functioning of the tourism infrastructure. The municipal and tourism infrastructure will prove effectiveness and environmental safeness provided ground or water heat pumps are installed there for heating and cooling. One of the important practical results is the possibility to facilitate an exhibition-manufacturing complex on the site located between the rural and municipal infrastructure. In the long-term perspective the targeted actions there will be created conditions for improved soil fertility and orchards productivity, which is the most important factor to increase attractiveness to agricultural activity.
Compliance with the ISTC objectives. Since the project employs scientists related to weapons of mass destruction, the project itself pursues peaceful objectives and this regard it fully compiles with the ISTC objectives. The same compliance is reached by way of planned wide involvement of scientists from the organizations-participants into the peaceful scientific society by presenting the project results in international conferences and seminars and publications of progress materials on the project website.
Scope of works. The following activities will be implemented during the project implementation:
- Current and perspective load to power distribution grid in the project area and assessment of probable outcomes with account to the growing number of power consumers;
- Load calculation estimates for the heat supply system (municipal infrastructure);
- Calculation of wastewater volumes from the municipal and tourism infrastructure, and assessment of projected biogas and organic fertilizers output to supply infrastructure of rural type;
- Justification of economic expediency to introducing systems of local heat / cooling supply by using ground/water heat pumps for decentralized users;
- Construction of biogas plant at the water treatment facilities;
- Installation of new type coal burner for heat supply of municipal infrastructure (including high school for 1200 students);
- Detailed calculations for the use of ground/water heat pump for a stand-alone building (high school, hotel or holiday home) and its installation;
- Assessment of economic, social and ecological benefits of growing and producing ecologically clean food for rural infrastructure;
- Installation of equipment for hot water and energy supply from the energy of sun on the model house(s) in the rural infrastructure;
- Installation of compact equipment to produce ecologically clean food;
- Calculation of long-term estimates for the region;
- Publication of project progress materials on the project website;
- Presentation of the project results to international scientific society.
Technical approach and methodology. The main novelty for the scope of work is the use of innovation and integration of the process results into the existing mechanisms of heat, energy supply, lighting, production of organic fertilizers, and cultivation of organic crops. This will allow solving the key social and economic issues in the short perspective as may be related to sustainable development in the protected areas.
Technical calculations for all hardware and equipment will be made with account to environmental impact in the long-term perspective.
There will be drafted plans for all the services supporting live and safeness in the project area. The drafted scenarios will account to all probable events where probably calculated events may occur and estimated expected damage limits.
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