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Mars Expedition


Preliminary Project for Exploring Mars

Tech Area / Field

  • SAT-EXP/Extraterrestrial Exploration/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation

8 Project completed

Registration date

Completion date

Senior Project Manager
Tocheny L V

Leading Institute
Keldysh Research Center, Russia, Moscow

Supporting institutes

  • Russian Academy of Sciences / Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russia, Moscow\nFederal State Unitary Enterprise Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering named after N.A.Dollezhal, Russia, Moscow\nRussian Academy of Sciences / Space Research Institute, Russia, Moscow\nNPO Energia, Russia, Moscow reg., Korolev


  • Boeing Northamerican / Rocketdyne Division, USA, CA, Canoga Park\nEuropean Space Agency / European Space and Technology Center, The Netherlands, Noordwijk\nCNES, France, Paris

Project summary

Objectives of the Project:

1st stage: selection of the basic Scenario of Mars Expedition.

2nd stage: development of «Preliminary Project of Mars Expedition».

Technical Approaches:

The process of designing will comprise:

- analysis of problems of man-in-space flight duration aboard the space station MIR;
- analysis of new problems encountered during man-in-space flights to Mars;
- analysis of Mars Expedition Projects that were fulfilled prior to 1998;
- development of the 1998 Conception of the Mars Expedition;
- development of Mars Expedition work specifications for the participating Institutions;
- development and concurrence of the contents of the «Mars Expedition» Preliminary Project;
- working out sections of the «Mars Expedition» Preliminary Project by the participating Institutions in accordance with the Tasks and the Body of the Project;
- concurrence of sections, adjustment and execution of the single Preliminary Project of the «Mars Expedition»;
- consideration of the «Mars Expedition» Preliminary Project, review and working out a decision by a group of experts.

Expected results:

- Development of the mathematical models of manned Mars expedition with due regard for emergency situations.
- Preliminary Project of Manned Mars Expedition.
- Preliminary Project of Solar Propulsion-Power System
- Preliminary Project of Nuclear Propulsion-Power system.

The Role of the Foreign Partners:

- NASA: the programme of international collaboration under Mars Expedition.
- Rocketdyne Division, Boeing North American Inc.: development of requirements for propulsion-power systems of interplanetary spacecraft.
- Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Saclev, France: development of requirements for nuclear propulsion-power systems at all stages of operation.
- SEP Division de S.N.E.C.M.A, France; development of LRE for the Mars Expedition.


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