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Genetic Data Bank of Kyrgyz Native Cattle

#KR-716


Biotechnological Manipulations with Genetic Materials and Resources and Creation of a Genetic Data Bank of Aboriginal and Cultural Animals of Kyrgyzstan

Tech Area / Field

  • AGR-DIS/Disease Surveillance/Agriculture
  • BIO-CGM/Cytology, Genetics and Molecular Biology/Biotechnology

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
27.04.2001

Leading Institute
Scientific-research Institute of Cattle-breeding, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Supporting institutes

  • National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan / Biotechnology Institution, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Collaborators

  • University of Wisconsin-Madison / College of Agricultural anf Life Sciences, USA, WI, Madison

Project summary

The goals of the project are the biotechnological manipulation of genetic materials and resources of Kyrgyz native cattle, the creation of a genetic data bank for their rational use and the exchange of genetic materials with world genetic resource centers.

Kyrgyzstan is one of the most endemic zones of the world where, through its sheer inaccessibility, unique species of wild and cultural plant and animal organisms were formed and have remained in very extreme, mountainous conditions. A good example of this is that, in spite of all the “tension” of civilization, local relict populations of Kyrgyz native sheep, goats, horses, cattle, birds and yaks have remained; they can adapt to extreme high-mountain conditions and they have no equal in genetic value. With the approaching universal intensification of global development, the problem of natural resources and ecological balance, especially genetic resources of flora and fauna of Kyrgyzstan, is a topical goal. It is topical not only for Kyrgystan but for the entire world community and mankind, if we consider the genetic resources of Kyrgyzstan as a part of the world genetic resource. Biotechnical methods of manipulation with genetic materials and resources and the creation of a genetic data bank in any country of the world are now the most important issues.

By 1990 SRI establishments and organizations in Moscow, Leningrad and Novosibirsk were working on the problem of genetic resources.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, former Soviet republics, with the exception of the Russian Federation and Ukraine, were left without establishments, organizations and National Centers to study and teach the problems of genetic resources. The study of genetic resources in Kyrgyzstan and support for research in this field will present not only local interest for Kyrgyzstan, but will be of important interest for other countries . First of all, support and realization of this pilot project will enable the further development of research of the genetic resources of Kyrgyzstan and will help to fill the National Bank of genetic resources of rare species of plants and animals, which we can never find elsewhere in the world. It will form a joint infrastructure for the study of genetic resources and the creation of a genetic data bank, facilitating the commercial exchange of genetic materials and resources with leading world genetic centers. It will also facilitate the reproduction and circulation of the genetic system of endemics in the area of Kyrgyzstan, a natural laboratory environment, with its further introduction worldwide.

Further, research into the genetic resources of Kyrgyzstan lays the foundation to receive unique medicines or, on their basis, to produce other components, which have a higher economical effect.

This issue was overlooked by the newly independent countries, particularly by those in Central Asia, and only foreign specialists appear concerned about it. Serious work and research have yet to begin in this field.

Under the conditions of establishing and developing market relations in Kyrgyz agriculture, the infrastructure in work with genetic materials and resources has not been formed and does not function in either private or national sectors. This does not provide for genetic progress or, consequently, profit for farms.

Finally, in light of the fact that 95%of the territory of Kyrgyzstan is covered by high-mountain zones, where more than 70% of the country’s population reside and where the living conditions are severe and where cattle breeding and exploitation is the only means of existence. This problem has not only an economical, but also a social and political significance, which blends well into the framework of the United Nations International Year of the Mountains.


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