Accelerator-Driven Systems for Transmutation
Comparative Study of ADS-burners with Fast, Intermediate and Thermal Neutron Spectrum for Radioactive Waste Transmutation
Tech Area / Field
- FIR-EXP/Experiments/Fission Reactors
- FIR-MOD/Modelling/Fission Reactors
- FIR-NOT/Nuclear and Other Technical Data/Fission Reactors
3 Approved without Funding
Kurchatov Research Center, Russia, Moscow
- Federal State Unitary Enterprise Research and Development Institute of Power Engineering named after N.A.Dollezhal, Russia, Moscow\nVNIIEF, Russia, N. Novgorod reg., Sarov\nITEF (ITEP), Russia, Moscow\nResearch Coordination Center on the Problem of Muon Catalyzed Fusion and Exotic Quantum Systems, Russia, Moscow
- Argonne National Laboratory, USA, IL, Argonne\nForschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH, Germany, Karlsruhe\nIdaho State University, USA, ID, Pocatello\nTokyo Institute of Technology / Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Japan, Tokyo
Project summaryThe goal of the project is the comparative study of the transmutation efficiency of minor actinides in the different types of subcritical systems (ADS) with a various spectrum of the blanket neutrons. At present several projects of ADS-burners are considered and there is no systematic comparative analysis of them.
We are planing to compare the different ADS-burners using uniform criteria of their efficiency, the level of technical realization and features of their fuel cycles.
Within the framework of the project the following scientific and technical tasks will be considered:
- Choice of the uniform criteria for the comparison of ADS-burner efficiency.
- Kinetics of nuclide transformation as a function of neutron flux and spectrum.
- Neutron balance in the chains of nuclide transformation in the different ADS-burners.
- Mode and structure of the fuel feeding.
- Cascade scheme of neutron multiplication for reduction of the accelerator power in the various ADS-burners.
- Comparative study of ADS- burners with the fast, intermediate and thermal spectrum of neutrons.
- A recommendations on the choice of the perspective burner.
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