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Radiation Hazardous Objects in Kazakhstan


Creation of Unified Information System on Radiation Hazardous Objects of Republic of Kazakhstan

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
  • ENV-MRA/Modelling and Risk Assessment/Environment
  • INF-COM/High Performance Computing and Networking/Information and Communications
  • INF-DAT/Data Storage and Peripherals/Information and Communications

3 Approved without Funding

Registration date

Leading Institute
National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakstan / Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kazakstan, Almaty


  • Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH / Department of Safety and Radiation Protection, Germany, Jülich

Project summary

Kazakhstan is the country with specified nuclear past, which is refused a great quantity of radiation hazardous objects (RHOs) as “an inheritance” from Soviet Union.

Radiation hazardous objects implicates objects which can be radiation with time in result of tectonic movement of the earth’s crust, economical activity on objects territory, incompetence or malicious invent, etc.

Cavities formed by underground nuclear explosions, a great number of which have been carried out in the Kazakhstan territory, can be related to these objects. The most part of them corresponded with nuclear weapons testing. Except this, the series of peaceful nuclear explosions were carried out to resolve national economy problems. Accumulation of radiation wastes from exploring, outputting and slaughtering hydrocarbon raw is a serious national problem of the Republic. Also the Kazakhstan depths are especially rich with uranium. More than 80 thousands tons of uranium were mined by former USSR defense establishment in the Kazakhstan's territory. A great quantity of extractive dumps and preprocessor accumulated as result.

The above-mentioned circumstances became reasons to form difficult radioecological situation on Kazakhstan territory. It is necessary to make significant efforts for its researching and normalization.

In should be noted that the most threat proceeds from the operating and out-of service objects, which appeared after Soviet Union disintegration and subsequent reorganization Kazakhstan economy system. Such revealed objects are totaled more than hundred on Republic territory.

That’s why it is necessary to gather all information in the shortest possible time about radiation hazardous objects and the fist of all about derelict and out of control objects in the framework of unified information system. Moreover, the information about each object should be realized in GIS-projects which can provide prompt analyzes of information and making the single right decision in case of object turning into radiation-hazardous ones.

The aim of the project is elaborating initial version of unified information system which will be installed in the Nuclear Power Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The activities of creation such system have been already begun in Institute of Nuclear Physics. The package of GIS- projects is created on the basis of objects Institute of Nuclear Physics made radioecological investigations.

It is necessary to combine all these separate projects to provide effective information analysis and to make decisions in the framework of unified system. One must begin creating such a system from inventory of all radiation hazardous objects on Kazakhstan territory by analyzing literary and funds materials. It is necessary to carry out in-suit work to get missing information. Then it follows to elaborate passports forms for typical objects and fill them. The radioecological passport of object should be include position data of object, its description, integral description of radiation situation on object territory, local GIS- projects of object with results of radioecological investigations and the most important is a value of dose load from object to human. Institute already makes activities to passport creation in the framework of science- technical program but financial value doesn’t allow to make this work efficient. The last part of stage is elaboration convenient interface on the basis of GIS- technology to provide for efficient access to all block of data, to analysis of information and to make corresponding managing decisions. The Institute within the framework of the State scientific-technical program is already carrying out the work on passport elaboration, but the financing volumes prevent from quick accomplishing of the work.

The structure creation and testing such system will realize in some types of radiation hazardous objects.

High-qualified scientific and technical personnel available in the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP) of the Republic of Kazakhstan will make possible solving the task posed. An up-to-date measurement equipment and methodical base was created in the INP RK with the assistance of international organizations (IAEA, ICTS, et al.) for determination radioinuclide and element analysis of environmental objects.. The Institute wined the State License ГЛА 0000530 in 20th of February 2003 to control radiation situation on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan.


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