The Environmental Assessment of "Nerpa" Ship Repair Yard
The Environmental Assessment of “Nerpa” Ship Repair Complex (Including Facilities for Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste Handling) and Development of the Proposals for Improving the Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste Management and the Ecologi
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-RWT/Radioactive Waste Treatment/Environment
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Rudneva V Ya
State Unitary Enterprise "Onega" R&D Technological Bureau, Russia, Arkhangelsk reg., Severodvinsk
- Experimental Designing Bureau of Machine Building (OKBM), Russia, N. Novgorod reg., N. Novgorod\nIGEM (Geology & Mineralogy), Russia, Moscow\nShiprepair Plant "Nerpa", Russia, Murmansk reg., Snezhnogorsk
- Sandia National Laboratories, USA, NM, Albuquerque\nTechnicatome, France, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex\nMoss Maritime, Norway, Lysaker\nNational Nuclear Corporation, UK, Warrington\nNUKEM Nuclear GmbH, Germany, Alzenau
Project summaryIn Russia there are 183 Nuclear-Powered Submarines (NPS), deactivated at the end of their useful lifetime. They are now awaiting recycling. The number of retired NPS increases every year.
The trial of NPS recycling at the State Center of Nuclear Shipbuilding Industry (GRTsAS) Plants showed that a fair quantity of harmful industrial waste, including Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste, was generated during NPS recycling.
The problem of the registration of the deleterious effects of the industrial complex, the assessment of their environmental effect and the development of ecological safety recommendations on the basis of this assessment is an important and urgent task.
The main objective of the Project is to perform a comprehensive study for the environmental assessment of the “Nerpa” Ship Repair Complex and to prepare proposals for improving Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste management and ecological safety.
Weapons specialists from “Onega”, “Nerpa”, IGEM RAS and DBEI shall conduct Project works. These specialists have great experience in environmental protection, including the environmental effect of harmful industries.
This Project is related to applied research and the results should make it possible:
– to explore the mineral and chemical composition and the lithological and geochemical features of the geological medium of the territory of the “Nerpa” Ship Repair Yard. To appraise the mode and the level of actual/potential contamination of geological, aqueous and air media with radioactive and stable toxic substances;
– to determine the actual and probable sources of the radiation and chemical environmental contamination at the “Nerpa” Ship Repair Yard and to evaluate the level of ecological danger;
– to specify the best ecologically safe technological and organizational decisions concerning harmful industrial waste handling at the “Nerpa” Ship Repair Yard;
– to elaborate measures for the harmful industrial waste handling plan and ecological safety improvement at the “Nerpa” Ship Repair Yard.
The execution of the research and measures concerning this Project should make it possible to reduce the harmful environmental effect of the “Nerpa” industrial complex and to increase the level of ecological safety. This is in line with ISTC objectives and tasks.
The following works should be performed in the process of Project execution:
– sampling of soil, surface and underground water, bottom sediments, hydrobionts, and examination of their mineral and chemical composition, main physical and physico-chemical parameters with the help of different analytical methods;
– analytical study of the samples and analysis of the results;
– determination of the level and the volume of actual and potential environmental contamination;
– evaluation of the actual and potential environmental effect of different sources of radiation and chemical contamination at the “Nerpa” Ship Repair Yard;
– forecast of changes in environmental status, dependent upon the impact of the radiation and chemical contamination sources;
– preparation of proposals for improving the plan of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Radioactive Waste handling at “Nerpa”, to achieve and maintain an ecologically reasonable environmental condition;
– training of specialists abroad;
retraining of the specialists previously involved in the development of weapons of mass destruction.
The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.
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