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Space Debris Monitoring

#1297


Principles Construction Development of the Ground Optical Aperture Synthesis System for the Technogenic Pollution Control of Near Space and Earth Shielding from Dangerous Space Objects

Tech Area / Field

  • INF-IMA/High-Definition Imaging and Displays/Information and Communications
  • SAT-SAF/Space Safety/Space, Aircraft and Surface Transportation

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
19.07.1998

Leading Institute
NPO Astrophysica, Russia, Moscow

Collaborators

  • Air Force Research Laboratory, USA, NM, Albuquerque

Project summary

The object of the given project is the development of a conceptual aspect of a perspective ground-based optical system for ecological control of space (S). The notion of the ecological control of space (space monitoring) implies the complex of measures for the observation of space, in order to reveal space objects both of artificial (technogene – ”space debris”), and natural (asteroid) origin, that are dangerous for the Earth and near-Earth space. Thus, the given project corresponds to the objects of ISTC totally in part of support of applied researches and technical peacelul developments in the area of environment protection.

The implementation of this project will allow to stimulate the work of the scientists and engineers in the commercial sector.

Lately, in connection with an intensive endavor of S by many countries and its application both for military and peaceful purposes, the problem of effective monitoring of S became actual one not only from the defence point of view, but also from the point of view of ecological safety of near-ground space.

Increasing danger of random impacts at near-ground orbits of artificial Earth satellites and piloted spacecraft with different non-functioning space objects and their fragments, and also the danger of unexpected fall onto the ground of these fragments and other dangerous space-objects (DSO) (for example, asteroids and comets), testify to the necessity to study and solve the space monitoring problem for the Earth protection from DSO.

Lately, this problem acquires especial significance in connection with the necessity to provide for the safety of international orbital station “Alpha” flights, the development of which is close to the finish.

In the basis of the project, the ideas, approaches and methods are put, that have been developed by the Russian scientists during a number of years in the limits of solution of the problems of space control in the interests of defence departments. In particular, the researches, connected with attainment of undistorted optical images of space objects of different purpose, observed throuth the turbulent atmosphere. The results of those researches were repeatedly confirmed in the course of field and numerical experiments, they were published and reported at the international conferences and and workshops, and were a basis of a number of works, implemented jointly by SRC “SPA Astrophysica” and leading laboratories in USA, working by analogous subjects.

The works at the project will allow:


- to design and substantiate the principles of construction of the ground-based optical system for space ecological control for the detection of DSO obtaining their diffractive images and identification;
- to develop base information technologies for receiving optical images with high angular resolution;
- to implement experimental processing of the methods of forming undistorted images of real and model distant DSO, observed through the turbulent atmosphere;
- to create and realize at the hardware the packet of applied programs for the restoration of images with high angular resolution.

The proposed project will allow to provide for the alternative two-year employment of the scientists, engineer and programmists, busy with the development of laser locators for space and military programs.


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The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.

 

ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

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