Gateway for:

Member Countries

Central Asia Air Quality

#KR-1909


Central Asia Air Quality

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-APC/Air Pollution and Control/Environment
  • ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment
  • PHY-OPL/Optics and Lasers/Physics

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
26.01.2011

Leading Institute
Kyrgyz-Russian Slavonic University, Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek

Collaborators

  • University of Sciences and Technologies of Lille, France, Lille\nUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison / Environmental Chemistry & Technology Program, USA, WI, Madison\nPolish Academy of Science / Institute of Physical Chemistry, Poland, Warsaw

Project summary

Purposes and Scientific Program.

The purpose of the project is research and carrying out air quality zoning of Central Asia territory.

For achievement of the purpose scientific program include the following tasks:

  • Regular lidar and photometric control of pollution transport and carrying out of gravimetric measurements at measurement sites of Lidar Station Teplokluchenka;
  • Zoning of Central Asia territory on air quality on the basis of revealed connections between aerosol optical thickness and РМ pollution concentration;
  • Research of dynamics of air quality under influence of various types of pollution transport to Central Asia;
  • Estimation of air quality according to type of circulation process.

9.2. State of the Art and Importance of the Proposed Project.

It is established by numerous researches that atmosphere over some regions of the Earth is substantially influenced by anthropogenic pollution and air pollution continues to increase in rapidly. So, for example, results of carried out researches within the framework the international «АВС - South Asia» program, showed, that АВС (Atmospheric Brown Cloud), consisting of a mixture of anthropogenic sulfates, nitrates, organic species, black carbon, dust, flying ashes and natural aerosol particles, such as sea salt and mineral dust, make significant influence on global and regional climate, agriculture and people health. Currently under the framework of this program the 3-rd phase of researches by UNEP/NOAA АВС "Aerosol-chemistry-climate" observatory network is carried out, with one of the primary goals of research - influence of АВС on people health. This problem is not solved completely for Central Asia region.

Researches within the framework of ISTC project #KR-1522 established that so-called АВС in Central Asia region, having the common anthropogenic nature, nevertheless, can substantially differ from АВС of South Asia in composition. Thus, in АВС of Central-Asian region there is a predominance of mainly dust and salt particles and black carbon. This distinction in structure of АВС is first of all caused by the fact that the basic sources of large-scale transport of dust and salt to Central Asia regions are Aral Sea basin and Takla-Makan desert (regional transport of pollution). Also there is a transport of anthropogenic sulfates to Central Asia from Europe, Russia and industrially developed regions of Kazakhstan (transboundary transport), and also transport of dust and sulfates - from Near-Eastern regions (long-range transport of pollution).

Scales of the tragedies connected with anthropogenic activity, causing significant increase in air pollution (Aral Sea tragedy, АВС, etc.), convince that aerosol environmental safety is one of the basic strategic components of national security and the major aspect of the state priorities of Central Asia countries.

Solving of problems stated in this project, will allow establishing for the first time:

  • Distribution of air quality over Central Asia territory;
  • Dynamics of air quality under influence of various types of pollution transport to the region and
  • Opportunity of air quality estimation according to type of circulation process that will make possible developing of, in particular, activities on elimination of negative influence of air pollution on people health within the framework of program of sustainable development of Central Asia countries.

Competence of Participants.

The project will be executed by scientific group of Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University of the Ministries of Education and Sciences of Russian Federation and Kyrgyz Republic.

The science group includes experts in optical methods of research of physical and optical properties of atmospheric aerosol and statistical regularities in processes of distribution of aerosol pollution, in theoretical and numerical methods of physics and chemistry of atmosphere, methods of research of formation of atmospheric aerosols at various heights, interactions of sunlight with aerosol and includes 1 doctor and 4 candidates of sciences.

Workload, Structure, Approaches, and Methodology.

The methodology of the project is based on statistical-climatological approach at air quality zoning of Central Asia territory on the basis of the created long-term database and carrying out of monitoring of the basic types of pollution transport to territory of Central Asia from various sources by means of created within the framework of ISTC project #KR-1522 measuring complex for joint lidar and photometric measurements on the basis of Lidar Station Teplokluchenka. Since 2009 this station is included in global GALION lidar net and in UNEP/NOAA АВС "Aerosol-chemistry-climate" observatory net as a regional observatory in Central Asia (KCO-CA), and since 2005 is a part of regional lidar net CIS-LINET.

The scientific program is formulated in the form of the separate tasks providing achievement of the project objectives and providing:

  • Regular lidar and photometric control of pollution transport and carrying out of gravimetric measurements at measurement sites of Lidar Station Teplokluchenka;
  • Air quality zoning of Central Asia territory on the basis of revealed connections between aerosol optical thickness and РМ pollution concentration;
  • Research of dynamics of air quality under influence of various types of pollution transport to Central Asia;
  • Estimation of air quality according to type of circulation process.

Expected Results and Their Application.

The project comes under fundamental investigation. Main results of the project will be:

  • Climatological distributions of air quality in the form of air quality zoning of Central Asia territory;
  • Estimation of air quality according to circulation processes type and type of pollution transport from various sources.

International Collaboration and Role of Foreign Collaborators.

Constant cooperation in development of methodology of lidar and photometric monitoring, formation of database, information exchange and coordinated observation directed on studying of transboundary and long-range transport of aerosol pollution, will be carried out within the framework of global GALION lidar network and UNEP/NOAA АВС "Aerosol-chemistry-climate" observatory network in South-Asian sub-region. Scientists involved in the project, will cooperate with some of the most known atmospheric chemistry scientists in international community, for example, with collaborators of the project Dr. Jamie Schauer (USA), Dr. Krzysztof Rudzinski (Poland), providing opportunity for achievement of professional prestige and promotion.

Preparation of joint publications by results of joint researches will be also forms of cooperation with foreign collaborators. The exchange of results of nano- and micro-scale particles analysis and revealing their properties, the invitation of experts for acquaintance with the equipment and technique and participation in experiments is planned.

Results of work will be represented at seminars and conferences. Annual and final reports of the project will be presented for comments to foreign collaborators.

Meeting ISTC Goals and Objectives.

The basic executors of the project were weapon-scientists in various areas.

Participation in the project will allow this scientists group to use scientific ideas, technical development and experience, received at realization of works on military area, for developing of peace technology directed on formation of environment monitoring system and effective using of natural resources.

Work of scientific staff together with GALION global lidar network, UNEP/NOAA АВС "Aerosol-chemistry-climate" observatory network and regional CIS-LiNet network will be way of integration into activity of international scientific community.

Expected results will be useful to international community and correspond with interests of countries in the field of environmental control.


Back

The International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) is an intergovernmental organization connecting scientists from Kazakhstan, Armenia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Georgia with their peers and research organizations in the EU, Japan, Republic of Korea, Norway and the United States.

 

ISTC facilitates international science projects and assists the global scientific and business community to source and engage with CIS and Georgian institutes that develop or possess an excellence of scientific know-how.

Promotional Material

Значимы проект

See ISTC's new Promotional video view