Solid Wastes Safety
Ecological, Toxicological and Hygienic Safety Aspects of Solid Wastes Produced during Destruction of Organophosphorous Warfare Agents
Tech Area / Field
- ENV-WDS/Waste Disposal/Environment
- ENV-EHS/Environmental Health and Safety/Environment
- ENV-SPC/Solid Waste Pollution and Control/Environment
8 Project completed
Senior Project Manager
Malakhov Yu I
State Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology, Russia, Moscow
- Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, USA, DC, Washington\nGene Logic Incorporated, USA, MD, Gaithersburg\nUS Army's Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, USA, MD, Aberdeen Proving Ground
Project summaryThe main objective of the Project is comprehensive study and prediction of ecological and toxicological safety of bitumen-salt masses (solid wastes after the two–stage destruction technology of organophosphorous warfare agents (OPA) – GB, GD, and VX) allowing to monitor the environment around the landfill and to conduct the risk assessment for the population living near the landfill.
The purpose of this project is consistent with the basic aim of ISTC that is supporting fundamental and applied research and technology development for peaceful purposes in the field of the environment protection.
The feature of this project is ecological tendency in evaluation of wastes produced during destruction of nerve agents to minimize impact effect on the environment and human health.
Implementation of such researches will allow to decrease psychological burden on population in regions where chemical weapon destruction facilities to be placed.
The expected results are
1. Development of methods for determination of components from BSM obtained after sarin, soman, and VX destruction and their certification.
2. Creation of GLP section (Good Laboratory Practice) for toxicological investigations.
3. Establishment of hygienic standards for reservoirs (maximum allowable concentration of leading components as markers) to provide the monitoring of the environment around burial places of BSMs obtained after sarin, soman and VX destruction.
4. Development of the algorithms and the software for estimation of migration of toxic chemicals in the environment.
5. Risk assessment of BSM burial places for the population near the landfills.
6. Development of measures to decrease a possible risk from BSM burial places for the population of the region.
The research program includes the solving of the four basic tasks:
– Study of BSM composition.
– Creation of GLP-section for toxicological researches.
– Study of toxic properties of OPA BSM components.
– Risk assessment of the BSM burial place to be located in Shchuchye area of Kurgan region.
Tasks of the project and prospective results have an exact conversion orientation and meet the ISTC purposes. Qualification and unique experience of scientists, scientific equipment and high methodical level of researches will allow to realize the Project successfully.