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Soil Decontaminatio of rocets fuel components

#K-1174


Microbiological Way of Detoxication of Soil Polluted with Asymmetric Dimethylhydrazine

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-RED/Remediation and Decontamination/Environment
  • BIO-REM/Bioremediation/Biotechnology
  • BIO-MIB/Microbiology/Biotechnology

Status
3 Approved without Funding

Registration date
11.08.2004

Leading Institute
Infracos-Ecos, Kazakstan, Almaty

Supporting institutes

  • The Republican Government Enterprise on the basic of economic control rights “Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems” , Kazakstan, Gvardeiski

Collaborators

  • Florida International University / Environmental Studies Department, USA, FL, Miami

Project summary

This project is developed by the Daughter State Enterprise "Infracos-Ecos" of the of Republican State Enterprise 'Infracos' of Aerospace Committee of Transport and Communication Ministry of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Asymmetric dimethylhydrazine (ADMH) used as a component in the fuel of some carrier rockets and ballistic missiles is a first-class-danger toxic substance causing both acute and chronic poisoning irrespective of the way of penetration into a human body. The most heavily polluted areas in Kazakhstan are the areas where the parts of carrier-rockets (PCR) fall down. High volatility of ADMH and its solubility in water causes spread of the pollutant over vast territories by air, through vegetation, flood and ground water. This fact explains the variety of ways by which ADMH and its toxic derivatives invade a human body mainly through soil-water-vegetation-animals-human body and soil-air-vegetation-animals-human body.
The measures employed to decontaminate ADMH and its derivatives in soils prove to be ineffective since the methods of decontamination have not been designed for the natural-climatic and soil-landscape peculiarities of the areas where PCR fall down and sometimes they even lead to soil structure disturbances and further pollution.
The tasks of the project are as follows:
- to study resistance of soil microflora to ADMH and its derivatives under natural conditions;
- to cultivate resistant native species of micro-organisms in the polluted soils for decontamination;
- to develop optimum conditions for microbiological decontamination of soils polluted with ADMH.

Implementation of this project will provide a scientific basis for development of safe technologies for soil decontamination in those regions of Kazakhstan and other republics of Central Asia where PCR polluted with ADMH fall down and finally this will contribute considerably to the environment enhancement in the region.


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