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Monitoring of Nitrogen Originals

#0498


Development of Environmental Monitoring System for Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds (Hydrazine, its Derivatives and a Number of Aromatic Amines) Exposed to Air By Means of Specially Made Sensors and Other Sensitive Elements.

Tech Area / Field

  • ENV-MIN/Monitoring and Instrumentation/Environment

Status
8 Project completed

Registration date
27.11.1995

Completion date
19.06.2000

Senior Project Manager
Kulikov G G

Leading Institute
Lomonosov Academy of Fine Chemical Technologies, Russia, Moscow

Supporting institutes

  • AO Khimprom, Russia, Chuvashiya, Novocheboksarsk\nState Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology, Russia, Moscow\nKazan State Technological University, Russia, Tatarstan, Kazan

Collaborators

  • CNRS/Université de Versalles Sant-Quentin-En-Yvelines / SIRCOB-EP CNRS-102, France, Versailles\nMassachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) / Department of Chemistry, USA, MA, Cambridge\nChamfield Ltd. / Kilbride Industrial Estate, Ireland, Co.Wicklow, Arklow\nDepartment of Chemistry, USA, WI, Madison\nTechnische Universität Dresden / Institut für Analitische Chemie, Germany, Dresden\nNagoya University / Department of Applied Chemistry, Japan, Nagoya

Project summary

In Russia and CIS countries large stocks have been accumulated of nonsymmetric 1,1-dimethylhydrazine (NDMH), which is one of components of rocket fuel.

Existence of a warranty period of storage, as well as necessity to do the international obligations on reduction of arms, put difficult problem before scientists - development of methods of destruction and utilization of highly toxic NDMH.

High toxicity of NDMH ( 0,1 mg / m 3 ), as well as absence of inexpensive, widely available and sufficiently sensitive analyzators makes the fast and successful fulfilment of this conversional task rather problematic.

Therefore the development of the ecological monitoring system of nitrogencontaining organic compounds ( hydrazine, its derivatives and some aromatic amines ) in air environment by means of specially created sensors and other sensitive elements is the only direction of work ensuring objective criterions and instrumentation for confirmation of fulfilment of the task of rocket fuel components and accompanying nitrogencontaining substances destruction by other research collectives of ISTC.

Fulfilment of this project will enable to redirect scientific and technical potential of four leading in Russia organizations carring out the synthesis, investigation and industrial production of nitrogencontaining compounds (including rocket fuel components)on high methodological and technological level, together with scientific-reserarch and experimental-design developments in the field of ecological monitoring of this substances in the air environment to profounding their investigations in the peace purposes,especially in the field of protection of environment from effect of destruction technologies of rocket fuel components and other strongest chemical toxicants.

In the present project for the first time the systemic ( complex) technology for monitoring of nitrogencontaining toxicants, covering complete cycle of functioning of the circuit of data obtaining and collection and development of the managerial decisions is proposed.

The directions of project are executed at MIFCT, KSTU, SRIOCT and SC KHIMPROM accordingly; are generalezed and analyzed at MIFCT in frameworks of complex algorithm of management of the project, that will enable to unite these organizations in a uniform research-and-production complex, capable to decide the stated general purpose - creation and operative use of a system of ecological monitoring in chemical technologies of utilization of substances of military-strategic purposes.

Basic feature of the methodology developed in the project is approbation and study of detector tubes,chemosorbtion devices as well as chemical sensors for hydrazine, its derivatives and aromatic amines in air environments of industrial locations of the large enterprise in a sphere of special chemistry, realization of complex tests of supersensitive elements created in the project.

The result of the project will be the methodological complex, including test - systems, chemical sensors,modified analytical device, package of the engineering specifications, providing the systemic analysis of rocket fuel components, products of its directed destruction, as well as a number of nitrogenorganic compounds which are close to them in toxicity.


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