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Baykov Metallurgy and Materials Institute

General information

Full Name
Baykov Metallurgy and Materials Institute (IMET)


Address
49, Leninskiy prospect, Moscow, 119991, Russia


Phone
7+495+1352060


Email
imet@ultra.imet.ac.ru;


WWW
www.imet.ac.ru;


ISTC Projects

  • 1620 - Doping and Radiation effects in Intermetallic Structures
  • 1799 - Synthesis of Wear- and Shock Resistant Superhard Materials
  • 3028 - Nanostructure Powders
  • 3349 - Bulk Amorphous Alloys
  • 3701 - Toxic Action of Nanopowders
  • 3906 - Beryllium Samples under Tritium Irradiation

Tech areas

  • Nuclear Instrumentation / Fission Reactors
  • High Performance Metals and Alloys / Materials
  • Solid State Physics / Physics
  • Materials Synthesis and Processing / Materials
  • Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Process Engineering / Chemistry
  • Basic and Synthetic Chemistry / Chemistry
  • Other / Medicine
  • Other / Materials
  • Destruction and Conversion / Chemistry
  • Environmental Health and Safety / Environment
  • Inertial Confinement Systems / Fusion
  • Magnetic Confinement Systems / Fusion
  • Composites / Materials

Brief

    A.A.Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science (IMET), Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), was founded in 1938 in order to develop the most important fundamental problems of physical chemistry and technology in the field of ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy. The initiative belonged to the distinguished Russian metallurgist, Academician Ivan Pavlovich Bardin who became the first director of IMET.

    At different periods the staff of IMET boasted of many prominent scientists: Academicians A.A.Baikov, A.A.Bochvar, N.T.Gudtsov, M.A.Pavlov, A.M.Samarin, N.N.Rykalin, N.V.Ageev, M.M.Karnaukhov, Corresponding Members of the Academy I.A.Oding, I.M.Pavlov, E.M.Savitskii, A.I.Manokhin, D.M.Chizhikov.

    Today IMET is headed by Academician Yu.K.Kovneristyi. On the staff are Academicians N.P.Lyakishev, O.A.Bannykh and I.I.Novikov, Corresponding Members of the Academy G.S.Burkhanov, S.P.Efimenko and Yu.V.Tsvetkov, 21 professors, over 50 full doctors of science and 135 candidate doctors of science working in 22 research laboratories.

    The Institute has a pilot plant at the Moscow facilities and a shop with pilot installations at Zhilevo, Moscow district, used in the development of new metallurgical processes. The design department of the Institute develops prototype instruments and equipment on the basis of the results of laboratory research. IMET maintains close contacts with research institutions and production enterprises in the ferrous and nonferrous industries where a large part of the experimental work is carried out and newly developed technologies are tried out on a pilot or commercial scale.

    IMET participates in and coordinates all research work conducted according to the State scientific and engineering programs in the field of advanced materials development, technologies for producing high-temperature superconductors, ecological problems in metallurgy, etc. The Institute has numerous scientific links with research centers and firms in the USA, Germany, Netherlands, Japan, China, Korea, and other countries.

    Apart from traditional metallurgical issues, such as physical chemistry and technology in the production of ferrous, nonferrous and rare metals and alloys, research is conducted in the field of intermetallides, single crystals, amorphous and microcrystalline materials, composites, powders and methods for their compaction, coating processes, etc. The reports of IMET scientists are published in the leading Russian and Western journals, including "Russian Metallurgy. Metally. Izvestiya RAN", "Steel in Translation", "Russian Journal of Nonferrous Metals" (the three journals are translated and published in the USA), "Transactions of the Academy of Sciences", "Physics and Chemistry of Treatment of Materials", "Inorganic Materials" and many others.


Research

    I. PHYSICOCHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY OF THE PRODUCTION OF FERROUS, NONFERROUS AND RARE METALS
    • Complex utilization of metallurgical raw materials
    • Ironmaking
    • Direct reduction of iron
    • Steelmaking in oxygen converters, electric arc furnaces, duplex process
    • Ladle treatment of steel
    • Continuous casting of steel
    • Plasma metallurgy
    • Laser metallurgy
    • Reaction sintering
    • Single crystal technology, including that of high-purity and rare metals

    II. PHYSICOCHEMICAL PRINCIPLES IN DEVELOPMENT OF NEW METALLIC MATERIALS
    • New phase diagrams for equilibrium and metastable states of metallic systems
    • Metals and alloys with amorphous, microcrystalline and nanocrystalline structure
    • Shape-memory alloys
    • Semiconducting materials and single crystals
    • Composite materials
    • Coatings and materials produced by spray deposition
    • Powders, including ultrafine powders; materials manufactured from powders
    • High-temperature superconducting materials
    • Steels possessing a combination of high strength and special physicochemical properties
    • Hard-magnetic materials
    • Wrought aluminum alloys
    • Superlight high-strength AI-Li and Mg alloys
    • High-temperature intermetallides
    • Heat-resistant and high-temperature alloys based on W, Nb, W-Mo-Re
    • Radiation-resistant and low-radioactivated materials

    III. NEW PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES AND PROCESSES FOR TREATMENT OF METALS AND ALLOYS
    • Computer simulation of the formation of microstructure and properties during hot plastic working of metals
    • Theory, technology and equipment for rolling in vacuum and inert atmosphere, controlled rolling and contunuous casting linked with rolling, deskaling, and high-temperature gas extrusion
    • Laser technologies: alloying, facing, heat treatment, cutting, welding, drilling, marking, and machining in preheated state

    IV. COMPUTERIZED AND AUTOMATED METALLURGICAL PROCESSES
    • Physicochemical studies of the solidification and structure formation in ferrous and nonferrous casting alloys
    • Computer simulation of casting processes and of processes taking place in materials irradiated with high-density energy fluxes
    • Accumulation of data banks on casting technologies, structure formation and properties of cast alloys
    • Development of instruments and automated systems for rapid quality control of liquid alloys in the course of production

    V. RESEARCH METHODS FOR STUDYING METALS AND ALLOYS
    • Rapid determination of the phase composition of oxide and nitride inclusions in metallic and ceramic materials
    • Methods based on high-voltage electron microscopy
    • Fracture diagnostics in metal products and structures; radiation damage phenomena
    • Radiation induced amorphitization studies using high-voltage electron microscopes
    • In situ studies of the effect of mechanical and thermal loads
    • Application of Lorents electron microscopy to the study of magnetic domains